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path: root/fs/ubifs/ubifs.c
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/*
 * This file is part of UBIFS.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2006-2008 Nokia Corporation.
 *
 * (C) Copyright 2008-2010
 * Stefan Roese, DENX Software Engineering, sr@denx.de.
 *
 * Authors: Artem Bityutskiy (Битюцкий Артём)
 *          Adrian Hunter
 *
 * SPDX-License-Identifier:	GPL-2.0
 */

#include <common.h>
#include <init.h>
#include <fs.h>
#include <globalvar.h>
#include <magicvar.h>
#include <linux/stat.h>
#include <linux/zlib.h>
#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>

#include "ubifs.h"

#include <linux/err.h>

struct task_struct *current;

struct ubifs_priv {
	struct cdev *cdev;
	struct ubi_volume_desc *ubi;
	struct super_block *sb;
};

static struct z_stream_s ubifs_zlib_stream;


/* compress.c */

/*
 * We need a wrapper for zunzip() because the parameters are
 * incompatible with the lzo decompressor.
 */
#if defined(CONFIG_ZLIB)
static int gzip_decompress(const unsigned char *in, size_t in_len,
			   unsigned char *out, size_t *out_len)
{
	return deflate_decompress(&ubifs_zlib_stream, in, in_len, out, out_len);
}
#endif

/* Fake description object for the "none" compressor */
static struct ubifs_compressor none_compr = {
	.compr_type = UBIFS_COMPR_NONE,
	.name = "none",
	.capi_name = "",
	.decompress = NULL,
};

static struct ubifs_compressor lzo_compr = {
	.compr_type = UBIFS_COMPR_LZO,
	.name = "lzo",
#ifdef CONFIG_LZO_DECOMPRESS
	.capi_name = "lzo",
	.decompress = lzo1x_decompress_safe,
#endif
};

static struct ubifs_compressor zlib_compr = {
	.compr_type = UBIFS_COMPR_ZLIB,
	.name = "zlib",
#ifdef CONFIG_ZLIB
	.capi_name = "deflate",
	.decompress = gzip_decompress,
#endif
};

/* All UBIFS compressors */
struct ubifs_compressor *ubifs_compressors[UBIFS_COMPR_TYPES_CNT];


/* from mm/util.c */

struct crypto_comp {
	int compressor;
};

static inline struct crypto_comp
*crypto_alloc_comp(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask)
{
	struct ubifs_compressor *comp;
	struct crypto_comp *ptr;
	int i = 0;

	ptr = kzalloc(sizeof(struct crypto_comp), 0);
	while (i < UBIFS_COMPR_TYPES_CNT) {
		comp = ubifs_compressors[i];
		if (!comp) {
			i++;
			continue;
		}
		if (strncmp(alg_name, comp->capi_name, strlen(alg_name)) == 0) {
			ptr->compressor = i;
			return ptr;
		}
		i++;
	}
	if (i >= UBIFS_COMPR_TYPES_CNT) {
		dbg_gen("invalid compression type %s", alg_name);
		free (ptr);
		return NULL;
	}
	return ptr;
}
static inline int
crypto_comp_decompress(const struct ubifs_info *c, struct crypto_comp *tfm,
		       const u8 *src, unsigned int slen, u8 *dst,
		       unsigned int *dlen)
{
	struct ubifs_compressor *compr = ubifs_compressors[tfm->compressor];
	int err;

	if (compr->compr_type == UBIFS_COMPR_NONE) {
		memcpy(dst, src, slen);
		*dlen = slen;
		return 0;
	}

	err = compr->decompress(src, slen, dst, (size_t *)dlen);
	if (err)
		ubifs_err(c, "cannot decompress %d bytes, compressor %s, "
			  "error %d", slen, compr->name, err);

	return err;

	return 0;
}

/* from shrinker.c */

/* Global clean znode counter (for all mounted UBIFS instances) */
atomic_long_t ubifs_clean_zn_cnt;


/**
 * ubifs_decompress - decompress data.
 * @in_buf: data to decompress
 * @in_len: length of the data to decompress
 * @out_buf: output buffer where decompressed data should
 * @out_len: output length is returned here
 * @compr_type: type of compression
 *
 * This function decompresses data from buffer @in_buf into buffer @out_buf.
 * The length of the uncompressed data is returned in @out_len. This functions
 * returns %0 on success or a negative error code on failure.
 */
int ubifs_decompress(const struct ubifs_info *c, const void *in_buf,
		     int in_len, void *out_buf, int *out_len, int compr_type)
{
	int err;
	struct ubifs_compressor *compr;

	if (unlikely(compr_type < 0 || compr_type >= UBIFS_COMPR_TYPES_CNT)) {
		ubifs_err(c, "invalid compression type %d", compr_type);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	compr = ubifs_compressors[compr_type];

	if (unlikely(!compr->capi_name)) {
		ubifs_err(c, "%s compression is not compiled in", compr->name);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (compr_type == UBIFS_COMPR_NONE) {
		memcpy(out_buf, in_buf, in_len);
		*out_len = in_len;
		return 0;
	}

	if (compr->decomp_mutex)
		mutex_lock(compr->decomp_mutex);
	err = crypto_comp_decompress(c, compr->cc, in_buf, in_len, out_buf,
				     (unsigned int *)out_len);
	if (compr->decomp_mutex)
		mutex_unlock(compr->decomp_mutex);
	if (err)
		ubifs_err(c, "cannot decompress %d bytes, compressor %s,"
			  " error %d", in_len, compr->name, err);

	return err;
}

/**
 * compr_init - initialize a compressor.
 * @compr: compressor description object
 *
 * This function initializes the requested compressor and returns zero in case
 * of success or a negative error code in case of failure.
 */
static int __init compr_init(struct ubifs_compressor *compr)
{
	ubifs_compressors[compr->compr_type] = compr;

#ifdef CONFIG_NEEDS_MANUAL_RELOC
	ubifs_compressors[compr->compr_type]->name += gd->reloc_off;
	ubifs_compressors[compr->compr_type]->capi_name += gd->reloc_off;
	ubifs_compressors[compr->compr_type]->decompress += gd->reloc_off;
#endif

	if (compr->capi_name) {
		compr->cc = crypto_alloc_comp(compr->capi_name, 0, 0);
		if (IS_ERR(compr->cc)) {
			dbg_gen("cannot initialize compressor %s,"
				  " error %ld", compr->name,
				  PTR_ERR(compr->cc));
			return PTR_ERR(compr->cc);
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

/**
 * ubifs_compressors_init - initialize UBIFS compressors.
 *
 * This function initializes the compressor which were compiled in. Returns
 * zero in case of success and a negative error code in case of failure.
 */
int __init ubifs_compressors_init(void)
{
	int err;

	err = compr_init(&lzo_compr);
	if (err)
		return err;

	err = compr_init(&zlib_compr);
	if (err)
		return err;

	err = compr_init(&none_compr);
	if (err)
		return err;

	return 0;
}

/* file.c */

static int read_block(struct inode *inode, void *addr, unsigned int block,
		      struct ubifs_data_node *dn)
{
	struct ubifs_info *c = inode->i_sb->s_fs_info;
	int err, len, out_len;
	union ubifs_key key;
	unsigned int dlen;

	data_key_init(c, &key, inode->i_ino, block);
	err = ubifs_tnc_lookup(c, &key, dn);
	if (err) {
		if (err == -ENOENT)
			/* Not found, so it must be a hole */
			memset(addr, 0, UBIFS_BLOCK_SIZE);
		return err;
	}

	ubifs_assert(c, le64_to_cpu(dn->ch.sqnum) > ubifs_inode(inode)->creat_sqnum);

	len = le32_to_cpu(dn->size);
	if (len <= 0 || len > UBIFS_BLOCK_SIZE)
		goto dump;

	dlen = le32_to_cpu(dn->ch.len) - UBIFS_DATA_NODE_SZ;
	out_len = UBIFS_BLOCK_SIZE;
	err = ubifs_decompress(c, &dn->data, dlen, addr, &out_len,
			       le16_to_cpu(dn->compr_type));
	if (err || len != out_len)
		goto dump;

	/*
	 * Data length can be less than a full block, even for blocks that are
	 * not the last in the file (e.g., as a result of making a hole and
	 * appending data). Ensure that the remainder is zeroed out.
	 */
	if (len < UBIFS_BLOCK_SIZE)
		memset(addr + len, 0, UBIFS_BLOCK_SIZE - len);

	return 0;

dump:
	ubifs_err(c, "bad data node (block %u, inode %lu)",
		  block, inode->i_ino);
	ubifs_dump_node(c, dn);
	return -EINVAL;
}

struct ubifs_file {
	struct inode *inode;
	void *buf;
	unsigned int block;
	struct ubifs_data_node *dn;
};

static int ubifs_open(struct device_d *dev, FILE *file, const char *filename)
{
	struct inode *inode = file->f_inode;
	struct ubifs_file *uf;

	uf = xzalloc(sizeof(*uf));

	uf->inode = inode;
	uf->buf = xmalloc(UBIFS_BLOCK_SIZE);
	uf->dn = xzalloc(UBIFS_MAX_DATA_NODE_SZ);
	uf->block = -1;

	file->size = inode->i_size;
	file->priv = uf;

	return 0;
}

static int ubifs_close(struct device_d *dev, FILE *f)
{
	struct ubifs_file *uf = f->priv;

	free(uf->buf);
	free(uf->dn);
	free(uf);

	return 0;
}

static int ubifs_get_block(struct ubifs_file *uf, unsigned int pos)
{
	int ret;
	unsigned int block = pos / UBIFS_BLOCK_SIZE;

	if (block != uf->block) {
		ret = read_block(uf->inode, uf->buf, block, uf->dn);
		if (ret && ret != -ENOENT)
			return ret;
		uf->block = block;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int ubifs_read(struct device_d *_dev, FILE *f, void *buf, size_t insize)
{
	struct ubifs_file *uf = f->priv;
	unsigned int pos = f->pos;
	unsigned int ofs;
	unsigned int now;
	unsigned int size = insize;
	int ret;

	/* Read till end of current block */
	ofs = f->pos % UBIFS_BLOCK_SIZE;
	if (ofs) {
		ret = ubifs_get_block(uf, pos);
		if (ret)
			return ret;

		now = min(size, UBIFS_BLOCK_SIZE - ofs);

		memcpy(buf, uf->buf + ofs, now);
		size -= now;
		pos += now;
		buf += now;
	}

	/* Do full blocks */
	while (size >= UBIFS_BLOCK_SIZE) {
		ret = ubifs_get_block(uf, pos);
		if (ret)
			return ret;

		memcpy(buf, uf->buf, UBIFS_BLOCK_SIZE);
		size -= UBIFS_BLOCK_SIZE;
		pos += UBIFS_BLOCK_SIZE;
		buf += UBIFS_BLOCK_SIZE;
	}

	/* And the rest */
	if (size) {
		ret = ubifs_get_block(uf, pos);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
		memcpy(buf, uf->buf, size);
	}

	return insize;
}

static void ubifs_set_rootarg(struct ubifs_priv *priv, struct fs_device_d *fsdev)
{
	struct ubi_volume_info vi = {};
	struct ubi_device_info di = {};
	struct mtd_info *mtd;
	char *str;

	ubi_get_volume_info(priv->ubi, &vi);
	ubi_get_device_info(vi.ubi_num, &di);

	mtd = di.mtd;

	str = basprintf("root=ubi0:%s ubi.mtd=%s rootfstype=ubifs",
			  vi.name, mtd->cdev.partname);

	fsdev_set_linux_rootarg(fsdev, str);

	free(str);
}

static int ubifs_probe(struct device_d *dev)
{
	struct fs_device_d *fsdev = dev_to_fs_device(dev);
	struct ubifs_priv *priv = xzalloc(sizeof(struct ubifs_priv));
	int ret;

	dev->priv = priv;

	ret = fsdev_open_cdev(fsdev);
	if (ret)
		goto err_free;

	priv->cdev = fsdev->cdev;

	priv->ubi = ubi_open_volume_cdev(priv->cdev, UBI_READONLY);
	if (IS_ERR(priv->ubi)) {
		dev_err(dev, "failed to open ubi volume: %s\n",
				strerrorp(priv->ubi));
		ret = PTR_ERR(priv->ubi);
		goto err_free;
	}

	ret = ubifs_get_super(dev, priv->ubi, 0);
	if (ret)
		goto err;

	priv->sb = &fsdev->sb;

	ubifs_set_rootarg(priv, fsdev);

	return 0;
err:
	ubi_close_volume(priv->ubi);
err_free:
	free(priv);
	return ret;
}

static void ubifs_remove(struct device_d *dev)
{
	struct ubifs_priv *priv = dev->priv;
	struct super_block *sb = priv->sb;
	struct ubifs_info *c = sb->s_fs_info;

	ubifs_umount(c);
	ubi_close_volume(priv->ubi);

	free(c);

	free(priv);
}

static struct fs_driver_d ubifs_driver = {
	.open      = ubifs_open,
	.close     = ubifs_close,
	.read      = ubifs_read,
	.type = filetype_ubifs,
	.flags     = 0,
	.drv = {
		.probe  = ubifs_probe,
		.remove = ubifs_remove,
		.name = "ubifs",
	}
};

static int zlib_decomp_init(void)
{
	struct z_stream_s *stream = &ubifs_zlib_stream;
	int ret;

	stream->workspace = xzalloc(zlib_inflate_workspacesize());

	ret = zlib_inflateInit2(stream, -MAX_WBITS);
	if (ret != Z_OK) {
		free(stream->workspace);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	return 0;
}

int ubifs_allow_encrypted;
int ubifs_allow_authenticated_unauthenticated;

static int ubifs_init(void)
{
	int ret;

	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ZLIB)) {
		ret = zlib_decomp_init();
		if (ret)
			return ret;
	}

	globalvar_add_simple_bool("ubifs.allow_encrypted", &ubifs_allow_encrypted);
	globalvar_add_simple_bool("ubifs.allow_authenticated_unauthenticated",
				  &ubifs_allow_authenticated_unauthenticated);

	return register_fs_driver(&ubifs_driver);
}

coredevice_initcall(ubifs_init);

BAREBOX_MAGICVAR_NAMED(global_ubifs_allow_encrypted, global.ubifs.allow_encrypted,
		       "If true, allow to mount UBIFS with encrypted files");
BAREBOX_MAGICVAR_NAMED(global_ubifs_allow_authenticated_unauthenticated,
		       global.ubifs.allow_authenticated_unauthenticated,
		       "If true, allow to mount authenticated UBIFS images without doing authentication");