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authorRosen Kolev <rosen.kolev@amk-drives.bg>2011-09-21 18:45:49 +0300
committerSascha Hauer <s.hauer@pengutronix.de>2011-09-23 08:53:22 +0200
commit637b3aa727b5b4710b753563ccc3ee8128d0a71b (patch)
tree19f894784fca2bb46ae608b89eccb547cc233769 /drivers/usb/storage/usb.c
parent108b029b68c41f1d3ffada83c6c494e7f75e660e (diff)
downloadbarebox-637b3aa727b5b4710b753563ccc3ee8128d0a71b.tar.gz
USB mass storage device driver initial implementation
Implemented an initial version of USB mass storage device driver, supporting USB mass storage devices with SCSI interface and BBB protocol. It implements the ATA interface and registers diskovered LUNs with the disk driver.
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers/usb/storage/usb.c')
-rw-r--r--drivers/usb/storage/usb.c619
1 files changed, 619 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/usb/storage/usb.c b/drivers/usb/storage/usb.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d033b29
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/usb/storage/usb.c
@@ -0,0 +1,619 @@
+/*
+ * Most of this source has been derived from the Linux and
+ * U-Boot USB Mass Storage driver implementations.
+ *
+ * Adapted for barebox:
+ * Copyright (c) 2011, AMK Drives & Controls Ltd.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
+ * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
+ * MA 02111-1307 USA
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <common.h>
+#include <init.h>
+#include <malloc.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <scsi.h>
+#include <usb/usb.h>
+#include <usb/usb_defs.h>
+
+#undef USB_STOR_DEBUG
+
+#include "usb.h"
+#include "transport.h"
+
+
+static LIST_HEAD(us_blkdev_list);
+
+
+/***********************************************************************
+ * USB Storage routines
+ ***********************************************************************/
+
+static int usb_stor_inquiry(ccb *srb, struct us_data *us)
+{
+ int retries, result;
+
+ srb->datalen = min(128UL, srb->datalen);
+ if (srb->datalen < 5) {
+ US_DEBUGP("SCSI_INQUIRY: invalid data buffer size\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ retries = 3;
+ do {
+ US_DEBUGP("SCSI_INQUIRY\n");
+ memset(&srb->cmd[0], 0, 6);
+ srb->cmdlen = 6;
+ srb->cmd[0] = SCSI_INQUIRY;
+ srb->cmd[3] = (u8)(srb->datalen >> 8);
+ srb->cmd[4] = (u8)(srb->datalen >> 0);
+ result = us->transport(srb, us);
+ US_DEBUGP("SCSI_INQUIRY returns %d\n", result);
+ } while ((result != USB_STOR_TRANSPORT_GOOD) && retries--);
+
+ return (result != USB_STOR_TRANSPORT_GOOD) ? -EIO : 0;
+}
+
+static int usb_stor_request_sense(ccb *srb, struct us_data *us)
+{
+ unsigned char *pdata = srb->pdata;
+ unsigned long datalen = srb->datalen;
+
+ US_DEBUGP("SCSI_REQ_SENSE\n");
+ srb->pdata = &srb->sense_buf[0];
+ srb->datalen = 18;
+ memset(&srb->cmd[0], 0, 6);
+ srb->cmdlen = 6;
+ srb->cmd[0] = SCSI_REQ_SENSE;
+ srb->cmd[4] = (u8)(srb->datalen >> 0);
+ us->transport(srb, us);
+ US_DEBUGP("Request Sense returned %02X %02X %02X\n",
+ srb->sense_buf[2], srb->sense_buf[12], srb->sense_buf[13]);
+ srb->pdata = pdata;
+ srb->datalen = datalen;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int usb_stor_test_unit_ready(ccb *srb, struct us_data *us)
+{
+ int retries, result;
+
+ retries = 10;
+ do {
+ US_DEBUGP("SCSI_TST_U_RDY\n");
+ memset(&srb->cmd[0], 0, 6);
+ srb->cmdlen = 6;
+ srb->cmd[0] = SCSI_TST_U_RDY;
+ srb->datalen = 0;
+ result = us->transport(srb, us);
+ US_DEBUGP("SCSI_TST_U_RDY returns %d\n", result);
+ if (result == USB_STOR_TRANSPORT_GOOD)
+ return 0;
+ usb_stor_request_sense(srb, us);
+ wait_ms(100);
+ } while (retries--);
+
+ return -1;
+}
+
+static int usb_stor_read_capacity(ccb *srb, struct us_data *us)
+{
+ int retries, result;
+
+ if (srb->datalen < 8) {
+ US_DEBUGP("SCSI_RD_CAPAC: invalid data buffer size\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ retries = 3;
+ do {
+ US_DEBUGP("SCSI_RD_CAPAC\n");
+ memset(&srb->cmd[0], 0, 10);
+ srb->cmdlen = 10;
+ srb->cmd[0] = SCSI_RD_CAPAC;
+ srb->datalen = 8;
+ result = us->transport(srb, us);
+ US_DEBUGP("SCSI_RD_CAPAC returns %d\n", result);
+ } while ((result != USB_STOR_TRANSPORT_GOOD) && retries--);
+
+ return (result != USB_STOR_TRANSPORT_GOOD) ? -EIO : 0;
+}
+
+static int usb_stor_read_10(ccb *srb, struct us_data *us,
+ unsigned long start, unsigned short blocks)
+{
+ int retries, result;
+
+ retries = 2;
+ do {
+ US_DEBUGP("SCSI_READ10: start %lx blocks %x\n", start, blocks);
+ memset(&srb->cmd[0], 0, 10);
+ srb->cmdlen = 10;
+ srb->cmd[0] = SCSI_READ10;
+ srb->cmd[2] = (u8)(start >> 24);
+ srb->cmd[3] = (u8)(start >> 16);
+ srb->cmd[4] = (u8)(start >> 8);
+ srb->cmd[5] = (u8)(start >> 0);
+ srb->cmd[7] = (u8)(blocks >> 8);
+ srb->cmd[8] = (u8)(blocks >> 0);
+ result = us->transport(srb, us);
+ US_DEBUGP("SCSI_READ10 returns %d\n", result);
+ if (result == USB_STOR_TRANSPORT_GOOD)
+ return 0;
+ usb_stor_request_sense(srb, us);
+ } while (retries--);
+
+ return -EIO;
+}
+
+static int usb_stor_write_10(ccb *srb, struct us_data *us,
+ unsigned long start, unsigned short blocks)
+{
+ int retries, result;
+
+ retries = 2;
+ do {
+ US_DEBUGP("SCSI_WRITE10: start %lx blocks %x\n", start, blocks);
+ memset(&srb->cmd[0], 0, 10);
+ srb->cmdlen = 10;
+ srb->cmd[0] = SCSI_WRITE10;
+ srb->cmd[2] = (u8)(start >> 24);
+ srb->cmd[3] = (u8)(start >> 16);
+ srb->cmd[4] = (u8)(start >> 8);
+ srb->cmd[5] = (u8)(start >> 0);
+ srb->cmd[7] = (u8)(blocks >> 8);
+ srb->cmd[8] = (u8)(blocks >> 0);
+ result = us->transport(srb, us);
+ US_DEBUGP("SCSI_WRITE10 returns %d\n", result);
+ if (result == USB_STOR_TRANSPORT_GOOD)
+ return 0;
+ usb_stor_request_sense(srb, us);
+ } while (retries--);
+
+ return us->transport(srb, us);
+}
+
+
+/***********************************************************************
+ * Disk driver interface
+ ***********************************************************************/
+
+#define US_MAX_IO_BLK 32U
+
+enum { io_rd, io_wr };
+
+/* Read / write a chunk of sectors on media */
+static int usb_stor_blk_io(int io_op, struct device_d *disk_dev,
+ uint64_t sector_start, unsigned sector_count,
+ void *buffer)
+{
+ struct ata_interface *pata_if = disk_dev->platform_data;
+ struct us_blk_dev *pblk_dev = (struct us_blk_dev *)pata_if->priv;
+ struct us_data *us = pblk_dev->us;
+ ccb us_ccb;
+ ushort const sector_size = 512;
+ unsigned sectors_done;
+
+ if (sector_count == 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* check for unsupported block size */
+ if (pblk_dev->blksz != sector_size) {
+ US_DEBUGP("%s: unsupported block size %lu\n",
+ __func__, pblk_dev->blksz);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* check for invalid sector_start */
+ if (sector_start >= pblk_dev->blknum || sector_start > (ulong)-1) {
+ US_DEBUGP("%s: start sector %llu too large\n",
+ __func__, sector_start);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ us_ccb.lun = pblk_dev->lun;
+ usb_disable_asynch(1);
+
+ /* ensure unit ready */
+ US_DEBUGP("Testing for unit ready\n");
+ if (usb_stor_test_unit_ready(&us_ccb, us)) {
+ US_DEBUGP("Device NOT ready\n");
+ usb_disable_asynch(0);
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+
+ /* possibly limit the amount of I/O data */
+ if (sector_count > INT_MAX) {
+ sector_count = INT_MAX;
+ US_DEBUGP("Restricting I/O to %u blocks\n", sector_count);
+ }
+ if (sector_start + sector_count > pblk_dev->blknum) {
+ sector_count = pblk_dev->blknum - sector_start;
+ US_DEBUGP("Restricting I/O to %u blocks\n", sector_count);
+ }
+
+ /* read / write the requested data */
+ US_DEBUGP("%s %u block(s), starting from %llu\n",
+ ((io_op == io_rd) ? "Read" : "Write"),
+ sector_count, sector_start);
+ sectors_done = 0;
+ while (sector_count > 0) {
+ int result;
+ ushort n = (ushort)min(sector_count, US_MAX_IO_BLK);
+ us_ccb.pdata = buffer + sectors_done * sector_size;
+ us_ccb.datalen = n * (ulong)sector_size;
+ if (io_op == io_rd)
+ result = usb_stor_read_10(&us_ccb, us,
+ (ulong)sector_start, n);
+ else
+ result = usb_stor_write_10(&us_ccb, us,
+ (ulong)sector_start, n);
+ if (result != 0) {
+ US_DEBUGP("I/O error at sector %llu\n", sector_start);
+ break;
+ }
+ sector_start += n;
+ sector_count -= n;
+ sectors_done += n;
+ }
+
+ usb_disable_asynch(0);
+
+ US_DEBUGP("Successful I/O of %u blocks\n", sectors_done);
+
+ return (sector_count != 0) ? -EIO : 0;
+}
+
+/* Write a chunk of sectors to media */
+static int usb_stor_blk_write(struct device_d *disk_dev, uint64_t sector_start,
+ unsigned sector_count, const void *buffer)
+{
+ return usb_stor_blk_io(io_wr, disk_dev, sector_start, sector_count,
+ (void *)buffer);
+}
+
+/* Read a chunk of sectors from media */
+static int usb_stor_blk_read(struct device_d *disk_dev, uint64_t sector_start,
+ unsigned sector_count, void *buffer)
+{
+ return usb_stor_blk_io(io_rd, disk_dev, sector_start, sector_count,
+ buffer);
+}
+
+
+/***********************************************************************
+ * Block device routines
+ ***********************************************************************/
+
+static unsigned char us_io_buf[512];
+
+/* Prepare a disk device */
+static int usb_stor_init_blkdev(struct us_blk_dev *pblk_dev)
+{
+ struct us_data *us = pblk_dev->us;
+ ccb us_ccb;
+ unsigned long *pcap;
+ int result = 0;
+
+ us_ccb.pdata = us_io_buf;
+ us_ccb.lun = pblk_dev->lun;
+
+ pblk_dev->blknum = 0;
+ usb_disable_asynch(1);
+
+ /* get device info */
+ US_DEBUGP("Reading device info\n");
+ us_ccb.datalen = 36;
+ if (usb_stor_inquiry(&us_ccb, us)) {
+ US_DEBUGP("Cannot read device info\n");
+ result = -ENODEV;
+ goto Exit;
+ }
+ US_DEBUGP("Peripheral type: %x, removable: %x\n",
+ us_io_buf[0], (us_io_buf[1] >> 7));
+ US_DEBUGP("ISO ver: %x, resp format: %x\n", us_io_buf[2], us_io_buf[3]);
+ US_DEBUGP("Vendor/product/rev: %28s\n", &us_io_buf[8]);
+ // TODO: process and store device info
+
+ /* ensure unit ready */
+ US_DEBUGP("Testing for unit ready\n");
+ us_ccb.datalen = 0;
+ if (usb_stor_test_unit_ready(&us_ccb, us)) {
+ US_DEBUGP("Device NOT ready\n");
+ result = -ENODEV;
+ goto Exit;
+ }
+
+ /* read capacity */
+ US_DEBUGP("Reading capacity\n");
+ memset(us_ccb.pdata, 0, 8);
+ us_ccb.datalen = sizeof(us_io_buf);
+ if (usb_stor_read_capacity(&us_ccb, us) != 0) {
+ US_DEBUGP("Cannot read device capacity\n");
+ result = -EIO;
+ goto Exit;
+ }
+ pcap = (unsigned long *)us_ccb.pdata;
+ US_DEBUGP("Read Capacity returns: 0x%lx, 0x%lx\n", pcap[0], pcap[1]);
+ pblk_dev->blknum = be32_to_cpu(pcap[0]);
+ pblk_dev->blksz = be32_to_cpu(pcap[1]);
+ pblk_dev->blknum++;
+ US_DEBUGP("Capacity = 0x%llx, blocksz = 0x%lx\n",
+ pblk_dev->blknum, pblk_dev->blksz);
+
+Exit:
+ usb_disable_asynch(0);
+ return result;
+}
+
+/* Create and register a disk device for the specified LUN */
+static int usb_stor_add_blkdev(struct us_data *us, unsigned char lun)
+{
+ struct us_blk_dev *pblk_dev;
+ struct device_d *pdev;
+ struct ata_interface *pata_if;
+ int result;
+
+ /* allocate blk dev data */
+ pblk_dev = (struct us_blk_dev *)malloc(sizeof(struct us_blk_dev));
+ if (!pblk_dev)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ memset(pblk_dev, 0, sizeof(struct us_blk_dev));
+
+ /* initialize blk dev data */
+ pblk_dev->us = us;
+ pblk_dev->lun = lun;
+ pata_if = &pblk_dev->ata_if;
+ pata_if->read = &usb_stor_blk_read;
+ pata_if->write = &usb_stor_blk_write;
+ pata_if->priv = pblk_dev;
+ pdev = &pblk_dev->dev;
+ strcpy(pdev->name, "disk");
+ pdev->platform_data = pata_if;
+
+ /* read some info and get the unit ready */
+ result = usb_stor_init_blkdev(pblk_dev);
+ if (result < 0)
+ goto BadDevice;
+
+ /* register disk device */
+ result = register_device(pdev);
+ if (result < 0)
+ goto BadDevice;
+ list_add_tail(&pblk_dev->list, &us_blkdev_list);
+ US_DEBUGP("USB disk device successfully added\n");
+
+ return 0;
+
+BadDevice:
+ US_DEBUGP("%s failed with %d\n", __func__, result);
+ free(pblk_dev);
+ return result;
+}
+
+/***********************************************************************
+ * USB Mass Storage device probe and initialization
+ ***********************************************************************/
+
+/* Get the transport settings */
+static void get_transport(struct us_data *us)
+{
+ switch (us->protocol) {
+ case US_PR_BULK:
+ us->transport_name = "Bulk";
+ us->transport = &usb_stor_Bulk_transport;
+ us->transport_reset = &usb_stor_Bulk_reset;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ US_DEBUGP("Transport: %s\n", us->transport_name);
+}
+
+/* Get the endpoint settings */
+static int get_pipes(struct us_data *us, struct usb_interface_descriptor *intf)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+ struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *ep;
+ struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *ep_in = NULL;
+ struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *ep_out = NULL;
+ struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *ep_int = NULL;
+
+ /*
+ * Find the first endpoint of each type we need.
+ * We are expecting a minimum of 2 endpoints - in and out (bulk).
+ * An optional interrupt-in is OK (necessary for CBI protocol).
+ * We will ignore any others.
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < intf->bNumEndpoints; i++) {
+ ep = &intf->ep_desc[i];
+
+ if (USB_EP_IS_XFER_BULK(ep)) {
+ if (USB_EP_IS_DIR_IN(ep)) {
+ if ( !ep_in )
+ ep_in = ep;
+ }
+ else {
+ if ( !ep_out )
+ ep_out = ep;
+ }
+ }
+ else if (USB_EP_IS_INT_IN(ep)) {
+ if (!ep_int)
+ ep_int = ep;
+ }
+ }
+ if (!ep_in || !ep_out || (us->protocol == US_PR_CBI && !ep_int)) {
+ US_DEBUGP("Endpoint sanity check failed! Rejecting dev.\n");
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+
+ /* Store the pipe values */
+ us->send_bulk_ep = USB_EP_NUM(ep_out);
+ us->recv_bulk_ep = USB_EP_NUM(ep_in);
+ if (ep_int) {
+ us->recv_intr_ep = USB_EP_NUM(ep_int);
+ us->ep_bInterval = ep_int->bInterval;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Scan device's LUNs, registering a disk device for each LUN */
+static int usb_stor_scan(struct usb_device *usbdev, struct us_data *us)
+{
+ unsigned char lun;
+ int num_devs = 0;
+
+ /* obtain the max LUN */
+ us->max_lun = 0;
+ if (us->protocol == US_PR_BULK)
+ us->max_lun = usb_stor_Bulk_max_lun(us);
+
+ /* register a disk device for each active LUN */
+ for (lun=0; lun<=us->max_lun; lun++) {
+ if (usb_stor_add_blkdev(us, lun) == 0)
+ num_devs++;
+ }
+
+ US_DEBUGP("Found %d block devices on %s\n", num_devs, usbdev->dev.name);
+
+ return num_devs ? 0 : -ENODEV;
+}
+
+/* Probe routine for standard devices */
+static int usb_stor_probe(struct usb_device *usbdev,
+ const struct usb_device_id *id)
+{
+ struct us_data *us;
+ int result;
+ int ifno;
+ struct usb_interface_descriptor *intf;
+
+ US_DEBUGP("Supported USB Mass Storage device detected\n");
+
+ /* scan usbdev interfaces again to find one that we can handle */
+ for (ifno=0; ifno<usbdev->config.no_of_if; ifno++) {
+ intf = &usbdev->config.if_desc[ifno];
+
+ if (intf->bInterfaceClass == USB_CLASS_MASS_STORAGE &&
+ intf->bInterfaceSubClass == US_SC_SCSI &&
+ intf->bInterfaceProtocol == US_PR_BULK)
+ break;
+ }
+ if (ifno >= usbdev->config.no_of_if)
+ return -ENXIO;
+
+ /* select the right interface */
+ result = usb_set_interface(usbdev, intf->bInterfaceNumber, 0);
+ if (result)
+ return result;
+
+ US_DEBUGP("Selected interface %d\n", (int)intf->bInterfaceNumber);
+
+ /* allocate us_data structure */
+ us = (struct us_data *)malloc(sizeof(struct us_data));
+ if (!us)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ memset(us, 0, sizeof(struct us_data));
+
+ /* initialize the us_data structure */
+ us->pusb_dev = usbdev;
+ us->flags = 0;
+ us->ifnum = intf->bInterfaceNumber;
+ us->subclass = intf->bInterfaceSubClass;
+ us->protocol = intf->bInterfaceProtocol;
+
+ /* get standard transport and protocol settings */
+ get_transport(us);
+
+ /* find the endpoints needed by the transport */
+ result = get_pipes(us, intf);
+ if (result)
+ goto BadDevice;
+
+ /* register a disk device for each LUN */
+ usb_stor_scan(usbdev, us);
+
+ /* associate the us_data structure with the usb_device */
+ usbdev->drv_data = us;
+
+ return 0;
+
+BadDevice:
+ US_DEBUGP("%s failed with %d\n", __func__, result);
+ free(us);
+ return result;
+}
+
+/* Handle a USB mass-storage disconnect */
+static void usb_stor_disconnect(struct usb_device *usbdev)
+{
+#if 0
+ struct us_data *us = (struct us_data *)usbdev->drv_data;
+ struct us_blk_dev *bdev, *bdev_tmp;
+
+ US_DEBUGP("Disconnecting USB Mass Storage device %s\n",
+ usbdev->dev.name);
+
+ /* release all block devices of this mass storage device */
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(bdev, bdev_tmp, &us_blkdev_list, list) {
+ if (bdev->us == us) {
+ US_DEBUGP("Releasing %s\n", bdev->dev.name);
+ list_del(&bdev->list);
+ unregister_device(&bdev->dev);
+ free(bdev);
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* release device's private data */
+ usbdev->drv_data = 0;
+ free(us);
+#else
+ dev_err(&usbdev->dev, "Disk/partition removal not yet implemented "
+ "in the ATA disk driver.");
+#endif
+}
+
+#define USUAL_DEV(use_proto, use_trans, drv_info) \
+{ USB_INTERFACE_INFO(USB_CLASS_MASS_STORAGE, use_proto, use_trans), \
+ .driver_info = (drv_info) }
+
+/* Table with supported devices, most specific first. */
+static struct usb_device_id usb_storage_usb_ids[] = {
+ USUAL_DEV(US_SC_SCSI, US_PR_BULK, 0), // SCSI intf, BBB proto
+ { }
+};
+
+
+/***********************************************************************
+ * USB Storage driver initialization and registration
+ ***********************************************************************/
+
+static struct usb_driver usb_storage_driver = {
+ .driver.name = "usb-storage",
+ .id_table = usb_storage_usb_ids,
+ .probe = usb_stor_probe,
+ .disconnect = usb_stor_disconnect,
+};
+
+static int __init usb_stor_init(void)
+{
+ usb_storage_driver.name = usb_storage_driver.driver.name;
+ return usb_driver_register(&usb_storage_driver);
+}
+device_initcall(usb_stor_init);
+