summaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/drivers/mtd/core.c
blob: d3e7763a9462e7f5b3d68915cbac9f35fa4033f4 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
/*
 * (C) Copyright 2005
 * 2N Telekomunikace, a.s. <www.2n.cz>
 * Ladislav Michl <michl@2n.cz>
 *
 * See file CREDITS for list of people who contributed to this
 * project.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 * version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 */
#include <common.h>
#include <linux/mtd/nand.h>
#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
#include <init.h>
#include <xfuncs.h>
#include <driver.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include <ioctl.h>
#include <nand.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <of.h>

#include "mtd.h"

static LIST_HEAD(mtd_register_hooks);

int mtd_all_ff(const void *buf, unsigned int len)
{
	while ((unsigned long)buf & 0x3) {
		if (*(const uint8_t *)buf != 0xff)
			return 0;
		len--;
		if (!len)
			return 1;
		buf++;
	}

	while (len > 0x3) {
		if (*(const uint32_t *)buf != 0xffffffff)
			return 0;

		len -= sizeof(uint32_t);
		if (!len)
			return 1;

		buf += sizeof(uint32_t);
	}

	while (len) {
		if (*(const uint8_t *)buf != 0xff)
			return 0;
		len--;
		buf++;
	}

	return 1;
}

static ssize_t mtd_op_read(struct cdev *cdev, void* buf, size_t count,
			  loff_t _offset, ulong flags)
{
	struct mtd_info *mtd = cdev->priv;
	size_t retlen;
	int ret;
	unsigned long offset = _offset;

	dev_dbg(cdev->dev, "read ofs: 0x%08lx count: 0x%08zx\n",
			offset, count);

	ret = mtd_read(mtd, offset, count, &retlen, buf);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;
	if (mtd->ecc_strength == 0)
		return retlen;	/* device lacks ecc */
	return ret >= mtd->bitflip_threshold ? -EUCLEAN : retlen;
}

#define NOTALIGNED(x) (x & (mtd->writesize - 1)) != 0
#define MTDPGALG(x) ((x) & ~(mtd->writesize - 1))

#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_WRITE
static ssize_t mtd_op_write(struct cdev* cdev, const void *buf, size_t _count,
			  loff_t _offset, ulong flags)
{
	struct mtd_info *mtd = cdev->priv;
	size_t retlen;
	int ret;

	ret = mtd_write(mtd, _offset, _count, &retlen, buf);

	return ret ? ret : _count;
}

static struct mtd_erase_region_info *mtd_find_erase_region(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t offset)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < mtd->numeraseregions; i++) {
		struct mtd_erase_region_info *e = &mtd->eraseregions[i];
		if (offset > e->offset + e->erasesize * e->numblocks)
			continue;
		return e;
	}

	return NULL;
}

static int mtd_erase_align(struct mtd_info *mtd, size_t *count, loff_t *offset)
{
	struct mtd_erase_region_info *e;
	loff_t ofs;

	if (mtd->numeraseregions == 0) {
		ofs = *offset & ~(mtd->erasesize - 1);
		*count += (*offset - ofs);
		*count = ALIGN(*count, mtd->erasesize);
		*offset = ofs;
		return 0;
	}

	e = mtd_find_erase_region(mtd, *offset);
	if (!e)
		return -EINVAL;

	ofs = *offset & ~(e->erasesize - 1);
	*count += (*offset - ofs);

	e = mtd_find_erase_region(mtd, *offset + *count);
	if (!e)
		return -EINVAL;

	*count = ALIGN(*count, e->erasesize);
	*offset = ofs;

	return 0;
}

static int mtd_op_erase(struct cdev *cdev, size_t count, loff_t offset)
{
	struct mtd_info *mtd = cdev->priv;
	struct erase_info erase;
	uint32_t addr;
	int ret;

	ret = mtd_erase_align(mtd, &count, &offset);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	memset(&erase, 0, sizeof(erase));
	erase.mtd = mtd;
	addr = offset;

	if (!mtd->block_isbad) {
		erase.addr = addr;
		erase.len = count;
		return mtd_erase(mtd, &erase);
	}

	erase.len = mtd->erasesize;

	while (count > 0) {
		dev_dbg(cdev->dev, "erase %d %d\n", addr, erase.len);

		if (!mtd->allow_erasebad)
			ret = mtd_block_isbad(mtd, addr);
		else
			ret = 0;

		erase.addr = addr;

		if (ret > 0) {
			printf("Skipping bad block at 0x%08x\n", addr);
		} else {
			ret = mtd_erase(mtd, &erase);
			if (ret)
				return ret;
		}

		addr += mtd->erasesize;
		count -= count > mtd->erasesize ? mtd->erasesize : count;
	}

	return 0;
}

static ssize_t mtd_op_protect(struct cdev *cdev, size_t count, loff_t offset, int prot)
{
	struct mtd_info *mtd = cdev->priv;

	if (!mtd->unlock || !mtd->lock)
		return -ENOSYS;

	if (prot)
		return mtd_lock(mtd, offset, count);
	else
		return mtd_unlock(mtd, offset, count);
}

#endif /* CONFIG_MTD_WRITE */

int mtd_ioctl(struct cdev *cdev, int request, void *buf)
{
	int ret = 0;
	struct mtd_info *mtd = cdev->priv;
	struct mtd_info_user *user = buf;
#if (defined(CONFIG_NAND_ECC_HW) || defined(CONFIG_NAND_ECC_SOFT))
	struct mtd_ecc_stats *ecc = buf;
#endif
	struct region_info_user *reg = buf;
#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_WRITE
	struct erase_info_user *ei = buf;
#endif
	loff_t *offset = buf;

	switch (request) {
	case MEMGETBADBLOCK:
		dev_dbg(cdev->dev, "MEMGETBADBLOCK: 0x%08llx\n", *offset);
		ret = mtd_block_isbad(mtd, *offset);
		break;
#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_WRITE
	case MEMSETBADBLOCK:
		dev_dbg(cdev->dev, "MEMSETBADBLOCK: 0x%08llx\n", *offset);
		ret = mtd_block_markbad(mtd, *offset);
		break;
	case MEMERASE:
		ret = mtd_op_erase(cdev, ei->length, ei->start + cdev->offset);
		break;
#endif
	case MEMGETINFO:
		user->type	= mtd->type;
		user->flags	= mtd->flags;
		user->size	= mtd->size;
		user->erasesize	= mtd->erasesize;
		user->writesize	= mtd->writesize;
		user->oobsize	= mtd->oobsize;
		user->subpagesize = mtd->writesize >> mtd->subpage_sft;
		user->mtd	= mtd;
		/* The below fields are obsolete */
		user->ecctype	= -1;
		user->eccsize	= 0;
		break;
#if (defined(CONFIG_NAND_ECC_HW) || defined(CONFIG_NAND_ECC_SOFT))
	case ECCGETSTATS:
		ecc->corrected = mtd->ecc_stats.corrected;
		ecc->failed = mtd->ecc_stats.failed;
		ecc->badblocks = mtd->ecc_stats.badblocks;
		ecc->bbtblocks = mtd->ecc_stats.bbtblocks;
		break;
#endif
	case MEMGETREGIONINFO:
		if (cdev->mtd) {
			unsigned long size = cdev->size;
			reg->offset = cdev->offset;
			reg->erasesize = cdev->mtd->erasesize;
			reg->numblocks = size / reg->erasesize;
			reg->regionindex = cdev->mtd->index;
		}
		break;
	default:
		ret = -EINVAL;
	}

	return ret;
}

int mtd_lock(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs, uint64_t len)
{
	if (!mtd->lock)
		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
	if (ofs < 0 || ofs > mtd->size || len > mtd->size - ofs)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (!len)
		return 0;
	return mtd->lock(mtd, ofs, len);
}

int mtd_unlock(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs, uint64_t len)
{
	if (!mtd->unlock)
		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
	if (ofs < 0 || ofs > mtd->size || len > mtd->size - ofs)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (!len)
		return 0;
	return mtd->unlock(mtd, ofs, len);
}

int mtd_block_isbad(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs)
{
	if (!mtd->block_isbad)
		return 0;

	if (ofs < 0 || ofs > mtd->size)
		return -EINVAL;

	return mtd->block_isbad(mtd, ofs);
}

int mtd_block_markbad(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs)
{
	int ret;

	if (mtd->block_markbad)
		ret = mtd->block_markbad(mtd, ofs);
	else
		ret = -ENOSYS;

	return ret;
}

int mtd_read(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from, size_t len, size_t *retlen,
		u_char *buf)
{
	int ret_code;
	*retlen = 0;

	/*
	 * In the absence of an error, drivers return a non-negative integer
	 * representing the maximum number of bitflips that were corrected on
	 * any one ecc region (if applicable; zero otherwise).
	 */
	ret_code = mtd->read(mtd, from, len, retlen, buf);
	if (unlikely(ret_code < 0))
		return ret_code;
	if (mtd->ecc_strength == 0)
		return 0;	/* device lacks ecc */
	return ret_code >= mtd->bitflip_threshold ? -EUCLEAN : 0;
}

int mtd_write(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t to, size_t len, size_t *retlen,
		const u_char *buf)
{
	return mtd->write(mtd, to, len, retlen, buf);
}

int mtd_erase(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct erase_info *instr)
{
	return mtd->erase(mtd, instr);
}

int mtd_read_oob(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from, struct mtd_oob_ops *ops)
{
	int ret_code;

	ops->retlen = ops->oobretlen = 0;
	if (!mtd->read_oob)
		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
	/*
	 * In cases where ops->datbuf != NULL, mtd->_read_oob() has semantics
	 * similar to mtd->_read(), returning a non-negative integer
	 * representing max bitflips. In other cases, mtd->_read_oob() may
	 * return -EUCLEAN. In all cases, perform similar logic to mtd_read().
	 */
	ret_code = mtd->read_oob(mtd, from, ops);
	if (unlikely(ret_code < 0))
		return ret_code;
	if (mtd->ecc_strength == 0)
		return 0;	/* device lacks ecc */
	return ret_code >= mtd->bitflip_threshold ? -EUCLEAN : 0;
}

static struct file_operations mtd_ops = {
	.read   = mtd_op_read,
#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_WRITE
	.write  = mtd_op_write,
	.erase  = mtd_op_erase,
	.protect = mtd_op_protect,
#endif
	.ioctl  = mtd_ioctl,
	.lseek  = dev_lseek_default,
};

int add_mtd_device(struct mtd_info *mtd, char *devname, int device_id)
{
	struct mtddev_hook *hook;

	if (!devname)
		devname = "mtd";
	strcpy(mtd->class_dev.name, devname);
	mtd->class_dev.id = device_id;
	if (mtd->parent)
		mtd->class_dev.parent = mtd->parent;
	register_device(&mtd->class_dev);

	mtd->cdev.ops = &mtd_ops;
	mtd->cdev.size = mtd->size;
	if (device_id == DEVICE_ID_SINGLE)
		mtd->cdev.name = xstrdup(devname);
	else
		mtd->cdev.name = asprintf("%s%d", devname, mtd->class_dev.id);

	mtd->cdev.priv = mtd;
	mtd->cdev.dev = &mtd->class_dev;
	mtd->cdev.mtd = mtd;

	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PARAMETER)) {
		dev_add_param_int_ro(&mtd->class_dev, "size", mtd->size, "%llu");
		dev_add_param_int_ro(&mtd->class_dev, "erasesize", mtd->erasesize, "%u");
		dev_add_param_int_ro(&mtd->class_dev, "writesize", mtd->writesize, "%u");
		dev_add_param_int_ro(&mtd->class_dev, "oobsize", mtd->oobsize, "%u");
	}

	devfs_create(&mtd->cdev);

	if (mtd_can_have_bb(mtd))
		mtd->cdev_bb = mtd_add_bb(mtd, NULL);

	if (mtd->parent && !mtd->master)
		of_parse_partitions(&mtd->cdev, mtd->parent->device_node);

	list_for_each_entry(hook, &mtd_register_hooks, hook)
		if (hook->add_mtd_device)
			hook->add_mtd_device(mtd, devname, &hook->priv);

	return 0;
}

int del_mtd_device (struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
	struct mtddev_hook *hook;

	list_for_each_entry(hook, &mtd_register_hooks, hook)
		if (hook->del_mtd_device)
			hook->del_mtd_device(mtd, &hook->priv);

	devfs_remove(&mtd->cdev);
	unregister_device(&mtd->class_dev);
	free(mtd->param_size.value);
	free(mtd->cdev.name);
	return 0;
}

void mtdcore_add_hook(struct mtddev_hook *hook)
{
	list_add(&hook->hook, &mtd_register_hooks);
}