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authorJens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>2008-12-09 08:11:22 +0100
committerJens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>2008-12-29 08:29:50 +0100
commitabf137dd7712132ee56d5b3143c2ff61a72a5faa (patch)
tree8334f03c598343bb93340f081fcde5ba659b440b
parent392ddc32982a5c661dd90dd49a3cb37f1c68b782 (diff)
downloadlinux-0-day-abf137dd7712132ee56d5b3143c2ff61a72a5faa.tar.gz
aio: make the lookup_ioctx() lockless
The mm->ioctx_list is currently protected by a reader-writer lock, so we always grab that lock on the read side for doing ioctx lookups. As the workload is extremely reader biased, turn this into an rcu hlist so we can make lookup_ioctx() lockless. Get rid of the rwlock and use a spinlock for providing update side exclusion. There's usually only 1 entry on this list, so it doesn't make sense to look into fancier data structures. Reviewed-by: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
-rw-r--r--arch/s390/mm/pgtable.c4
-rw-r--r--fs/aio.c100
-rw-r--r--include/linux/aio.h5
-rw-r--r--include/linux/mm_types.h5
-rw-r--r--kernel/fork.c4
5 files changed, 67 insertions, 51 deletions
diff --git a/arch/s390/mm/pgtable.c b/arch/s390/mm/pgtable.c
index ef3635b..07678275 100644
--- a/arch/s390/mm/pgtable.c
+++ b/arch/s390/mm/pgtable.c
@@ -263,7 +263,7 @@ int s390_enable_sie(void)
/* lets check if we are allowed to replace the mm */
task_lock(tsk);
if (!tsk->mm || atomic_read(&tsk->mm->mm_users) > 1 ||
- tsk->mm != tsk->active_mm || tsk->mm->ioctx_list) {
+ tsk->mm != tsk->active_mm || !hlist_empty(&tsk->mm->ioctx_list)) {
task_unlock(tsk);
return -EINVAL;
}
@@ -279,7 +279,7 @@ int s390_enable_sie(void)
/* Now lets check again if something happened */
task_lock(tsk);
if (!tsk->mm || atomic_read(&tsk->mm->mm_users) > 1 ||
- tsk->mm != tsk->active_mm || tsk->mm->ioctx_list) {
+ tsk->mm != tsk->active_mm || !hlist_empty(&tsk->mm->ioctx_list)) {
mmput(mm);
task_unlock(tsk);
return -EINVAL;
diff --git a/fs/aio.c b/fs/aio.c
index f658441..d6f89d3 100644
--- a/fs/aio.c
+++ b/fs/aio.c
@@ -191,6 +191,20 @@ static int aio_setup_ring(struct kioctx *ctx)
kunmap_atomic((void *)((unsigned long)__event & PAGE_MASK), km); \
} while(0)
+static void ctx_rcu_free(struct rcu_head *head)
+{
+ struct kioctx *ctx = container_of(head, struct kioctx, rcu_head);
+ unsigned nr_events = ctx->max_reqs;
+
+ kmem_cache_free(kioctx_cachep, ctx);
+
+ if (nr_events) {
+ spin_lock(&aio_nr_lock);
+ BUG_ON(aio_nr - nr_events > aio_nr);
+ aio_nr -= nr_events;
+ spin_unlock(&aio_nr_lock);
+ }
+}
/* __put_ioctx
* Called when the last user of an aio context has gone away,
@@ -198,8 +212,6 @@ static int aio_setup_ring(struct kioctx *ctx)
*/
static void __put_ioctx(struct kioctx *ctx)
{
- unsigned nr_events = ctx->max_reqs;
-
BUG_ON(ctx->reqs_active);
cancel_delayed_work(&ctx->wq);
@@ -208,14 +220,7 @@ static void __put_ioctx(struct kioctx *ctx)
mmdrop(ctx->mm);
ctx->mm = NULL;
pr_debug("__put_ioctx: freeing %p\n", ctx);
- kmem_cache_free(kioctx_cachep, ctx);
-
- if (nr_events) {
- spin_lock(&aio_nr_lock);
- BUG_ON(aio_nr - nr_events > aio_nr);
- aio_nr -= nr_events;
- spin_unlock(&aio_nr_lock);
- }
+ call_rcu(&ctx->rcu_head, ctx_rcu_free);
}
#define get_ioctx(kioctx) do { \
@@ -235,6 +240,7 @@ static struct kioctx *ioctx_alloc(unsigned nr_events)
{
struct mm_struct *mm;
struct kioctx *ctx;
+ int did_sync = 0;
/* Prevent overflows */
if ((nr_events > (0x10000000U / sizeof(struct io_event))) ||
@@ -267,21 +273,30 @@ static struct kioctx *ioctx_alloc(unsigned nr_events)
goto out_freectx;
/* limit the number of system wide aios */
- spin_lock(&aio_nr_lock);
- if (aio_nr + ctx->max_reqs > aio_max_nr ||
- aio_nr + ctx->max_reqs < aio_nr)
- ctx->max_reqs = 0;
- else
- aio_nr += ctx->max_reqs;
- spin_unlock(&aio_nr_lock);
+ do {
+ spin_lock_bh(&aio_nr_lock);
+ if (aio_nr + nr_events > aio_max_nr ||
+ aio_nr + nr_events < aio_nr)
+ ctx->max_reqs = 0;
+ else
+ aio_nr += ctx->max_reqs;
+ spin_unlock_bh(&aio_nr_lock);
+ if (ctx->max_reqs || did_sync)
+ break;
+
+ /* wait for rcu callbacks to have completed before giving up */
+ synchronize_rcu();
+ did_sync = 1;
+ ctx->max_reqs = nr_events;
+ } while (1);
+
if (ctx->max_reqs == 0)
goto out_cleanup;
/* now link into global list. */
- write_lock(&mm->ioctx_list_lock);
- ctx->next = mm->ioctx_list;
- mm->ioctx_list = ctx;
- write_unlock(&mm->ioctx_list_lock);
+ spin_lock(&mm->ioctx_lock);
+ hlist_add_head_rcu(&ctx->list, &mm->ioctx_list);
+ spin_unlock(&mm->ioctx_lock);
dprintk("aio: allocated ioctx %p[%ld]: mm=%p mask=0x%x\n",
ctx, ctx->user_id, current->mm, ctx->ring_info.nr);
@@ -375,11 +390,12 @@ ssize_t wait_on_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *iocb)
*/
void exit_aio(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
- struct kioctx *ctx = mm->ioctx_list;
- mm->ioctx_list = NULL;
- while (ctx) {
- struct kioctx *next = ctx->next;
- ctx->next = NULL;
+ struct kioctx *ctx;
+
+ while (!hlist_empty(&mm->ioctx_list)) {
+ ctx = hlist_entry(mm->ioctx_list.first, struct kioctx, list);
+ hlist_del_rcu(&ctx->list);
+
aio_cancel_all(ctx);
wait_for_all_aios(ctx);
@@ -394,7 +410,6 @@ void exit_aio(struct mm_struct *mm)
atomic_read(&ctx->users), ctx->dead,
ctx->reqs_active);
put_ioctx(ctx);
- ctx = next;
}
}
@@ -555,19 +570,21 @@ int aio_put_req(struct kiocb *req)
static struct kioctx *lookup_ioctx(unsigned long ctx_id)
{
- struct kioctx *ioctx;
- struct mm_struct *mm;
+ struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
+ struct kioctx *ctx = NULL;
+ struct hlist_node *n;
- mm = current->mm;
- read_lock(&mm->ioctx_list_lock);
- for (ioctx = mm->ioctx_list; ioctx; ioctx = ioctx->next)
- if (likely(ioctx->user_id == ctx_id && !ioctx->dead)) {
- get_ioctx(ioctx);
+ rcu_read_lock();
+
+ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(ctx, n, &mm->ioctx_list, list) {
+ if (ctx->user_id == ctx_id && !ctx->dead) {
+ get_ioctx(ctx);
break;
}
- read_unlock(&mm->ioctx_list_lock);
+ }
- return ioctx;
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return ctx;
}
/*
@@ -1215,19 +1232,14 @@ out:
static void io_destroy(struct kioctx *ioctx)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
- struct kioctx **tmp;
int was_dead;
/* delete the entry from the list is someone else hasn't already */
- write_lock(&mm->ioctx_list_lock);
+ spin_lock(&mm->ioctx_lock);
was_dead = ioctx->dead;
ioctx->dead = 1;
- for (tmp = &mm->ioctx_list; *tmp && *tmp != ioctx;
- tmp = &(*tmp)->next)
- ;
- if (*tmp)
- *tmp = ioctx->next;
- write_unlock(&mm->ioctx_list_lock);
+ hlist_del_rcu(&ioctx->list);
+ spin_unlock(&mm->ioctx_lock);
dprintk("aio_release(%p)\n", ioctx);
if (likely(!was_dead))
diff --git a/include/linux/aio.h b/include/linux/aio.h
index f6b8cf9..b16a957 100644
--- a/include/linux/aio.h
+++ b/include/linux/aio.h
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/aio_abi.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <asm/atomic.h>
@@ -183,7 +184,7 @@ struct kioctx {
/* This needs improving */
unsigned long user_id;
- struct kioctx *next;
+ struct hlist_node list;
wait_queue_head_t wait;
@@ -199,6 +200,8 @@ struct kioctx {
struct aio_ring_info ring_info;
struct delayed_work wq;
+
+ struct rcu_head rcu_head;
};
/* prototypes */
diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
index fe825471..9cfc9b6 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
@@ -232,8 +232,9 @@ struct mm_struct {
struct core_state *core_state; /* coredumping support */
/* aio bits */
- rwlock_t ioctx_list_lock; /* aio lock */
- struct kioctx *ioctx_list;
+ spinlock_t ioctx_lock;
+ struct hlist_head ioctx_list;
+
#ifdef CONFIG_MM_OWNER
/*
* "owner" points to a task that is regarded as the canonical
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 6144b36..43cbf30 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -415,8 +415,8 @@ static struct mm_struct * mm_init(struct mm_struct * mm, struct task_struct *p)
set_mm_counter(mm, file_rss, 0);
set_mm_counter(mm, anon_rss, 0);
spin_lock_init(&mm->page_table_lock);
- rwlock_init(&mm->ioctx_list_lock);
- mm->ioctx_list = NULL;
+ spin_lock_init(&mm->ioctx_lock);
+ INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&mm->ioctx_list);
mm->free_area_cache = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE;
mm->cached_hole_size = ~0UL;
mm_init_owner(mm, p);