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authorShaohua Li <shli@fb.com>2017-03-27 15:19:42 -0700
committerJens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>2017-03-28 08:02:20 -0600
commitb9147dd1bae2b15d6931ecd42f8606c775fecbc9 (patch)
tree9becbcfbf24e535538680bb53f38962808b4e28e /block/blk-throttle.c
parent88eeca495ba7de749ff253376ec6be19bb05368d (diff)
downloadlinux-0-day-b9147dd1bae2b15d6931ecd42f8606c775fecbc9.tar.gz
blk-throttle: add a mechanism to estimate IO latency
User configures latency target, but the latency threshold for each request size isn't fixed. For a SSD, the IO latency highly depends on request size. To calculate latency threshold, we sample some data, eg, average latency for request size 4k, 8k, 16k, 32k .. 1M. The latency threshold of each request size will be the sample latency (I'll call it base latency) plus latency target. For example, the base latency for request size 4k is 80us and user configures latency target 60us. The 4k latency threshold will be 80 + 60 = 140us. To sample data, we calculate the order base 2 of rounded up IO sectors. If the IO size is bigger than 1M, it will be accounted as 1M. Since the calculation does round up, the base latency will be slightly smaller than actual value. Also if there isn't any IO dispatched for a specific IO size, we will use the base latency of smaller IO size for this IO size. But we shouldn't sample data at any time. The base latency is supposed to be latency where disk isn't congested, because we use latency threshold to schedule IOs between cgroups. If disk is congested, the latency is higher, using it for scheduling is meaningless. Hence we only do the sampling when block throttling is in the LOW limit, with assumption disk isn't congested in such state. If the assumption isn't true, eg, low limit is too high, calculated latency threshold will be higher. Hard disk is completely different. Latency depends on spindle seek instead of request size. Currently this feature is SSD only, we probably can use a fixed threshold like 4ms for hard disk though. Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shli@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'block/blk-throttle.c')
-rw-r--r--block/blk-throttle.c166
1 files changed, 161 insertions, 5 deletions
diff --git a/block/blk-throttle.c b/block/blk-throttle.c
index 6e1c298..140da29 100644
--- a/block/blk-throttle.c
+++ b/block/blk-throttle.c
@@ -28,6 +28,8 @@ static int throtl_quantum = 32;
/* default latency target is 0, eg, guarantee IO latency by default */
#define DFL_LATENCY_TARGET (0)
+#define SKIP_LATENCY (((u64)1) << BLK_STAT_RES_SHIFT)
+
static struct blkcg_policy blkcg_policy_throtl;
/* A workqueue to queue throttle related work */
@@ -165,6 +167,19 @@ struct throtl_grp {
unsigned long idletime_threshold; /* us */
};
+/* We measure latency for request size from <= 4k to >= 1M */
+#define LATENCY_BUCKET_SIZE 9
+
+struct latency_bucket {
+ unsigned long total_latency; /* ns / 1024 */
+ int samples;
+};
+
+struct avg_latency_bucket {
+ unsigned long latency; /* ns / 1024 */
+ bool valid;
+};
+
struct throtl_data
{
/* service tree for active throtl groups */
@@ -188,6 +203,13 @@ struct throtl_data
unsigned long low_downgrade_time;
unsigned int scale;
+
+ struct latency_bucket tmp_buckets[LATENCY_BUCKET_SIZE];
+ struct avg_latency_bucket avg_buckets[LATENCY_BUCKET_SIZE];
+ struct latency_bucket __percpu *latency_buckets;
+ unsigned long last_calculate_time;
+
+ bool track_bio_latency;
};
static void throtl_pending_timer_fn(unsigned long arg);
@@ -306,6 +328,9 @@ static unsigned int tg_iops_limit(struct throtl_grp *tg, int rw)
return ret;
}
+#define request_bucket_index(sectors) \
+ clamp_t(int, order_base_2(sectors) - 3, 0, LATENCY_BUCKET_SIZE - 1)
+
/**
* throtl_log - log debug message via blktrace
* @sq: the service_queue being reported
@@ -1931,6 +1956,73 @@ static void blk_throtl_update_idletime(struct throtl_grp *tg)
tg->checked_last_finish_time = last_finish_time;
}
+#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING_LOW
+static void throtl_update_latency_buckets(struct throtl_data *td)
+{
+ struct avg_latency_bucket avg_latency[LATENCY_BUCKET_SIZE];
+ int i, cpu;
+ unsigned long last_latency = 0;
+ unsigned long latency;
+
+ if (!blk_queue_nonrot(td->queue))
+ return;
+ if (time_before(jiffies, td->last_calculate_time + HZ))
+ return;
+ td->last_calculate_time = jiffies;
+
+ memset(avg_latency, 0, sizeof(avg_latency));
+ for (i = 0; i < LATENCY_BUCKET_SIZE; i++) {
+ struct latency_bucket *tmp = &td->tmp_buckets[i];
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ struct latency_bucket *bucket;
+
+ /* this isn't race free, but ok in practice */
+ bucket = per_cpu_ptr(td->latency_buckets, cpu);
+ tmp->total_latency += bucket[i].total_latency;
+ tmp->samples += bucket[i].samples;
+ bucket[i].total_latency = 0;
+ bucket[i].samples = 0;
+ }
+
+ if (tmp->samples >= 32) {
+ int samples = tmp->samples;
+
+ latency = tmp->total_latency;
+
+ tmp->total_latency = 0;
+ tmp->samples = 0;
+ latency /= samples;
+ if (latency == 0)
+ continue;
+ avg_latency[i].latency = latency;
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < LATENCY_BUCKET_SIZE; i++) {
+ if (!avg_latency[i].latency) {
+ if (td->avg_buckets[i].latency < last_latency)
+ td->avg_buckets[i].latency = last_latency;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (!td->avg_buckets[i].valid)
+ latency = avg_latency[i].latency;
+ else
+ latency = (td->avg_buckets[i].latency * 7 +
+ avg_latency[i].latency) >> 3;
+
+ td->avg_buckets[i].latency = max(latency, last_latency);
+ td->avg_buckets[i].valid = true;
+ last_latency = td->avg_buckets[i].latency;
+ }
+}
+#else
+static inline void throtl_update_latency_buckets(struct throtl_data *td)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
bool blk_throtl_bio(struct request_queue *q, struct blkcg_gq *blkg,
struct bio *bio)
{
@@ -1939,6 +2031,7 @@ bool blk_throtl_bio(struct request_queue *q, struct blkcg_gq *blkg,
struct throtl_service_queue *sq;
bool rw = bio_data_dir(bio);
bool throttled = false;
+ struct throtl_data *td = tg->td;
int ret;
WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held());
@@ -1949,6 +2042,8 @@ bool blk_throtl_bio(struct request_queue *q, struct blkcg_gq *blkg,
spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ throtl_update_latency_buckets(td);
+
if (unlikely(blk_queue_bypass(q)))
goto out_unlock;
@@ -1956,6 +2051,7 @@ bool blk_throtl_bio(struct request_queue *q, struct blkcg_gq *blkg,
#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING_LOW
if (ret == 0 || ret == -EBUSY)
bio->bi_cg_private = tg;
+ blk_stat_set_issue(&bio->bi_issue_stat, bio_sectors(bio));
#endif
blk_throtl_update_idletime(tg);
@@ -1974,8 +2070,8 @@ again:
/* if above limits, break to queue */
if (!tg_may_dispatch(tg, bio, NULL)) {
tg->last_low_overflow_time[rw] = jiffies;
- if (throtl_can_upgrade(tg->td, tg)) {
- throtl_upgrade_state(tg->td);
+ if (throtl_can_upgrade(td, tg)) {
+ throtl_upgrade_state(td);
goto again;
}
break;
@@ -2019,7 +2115,7 @@ again:
tg->last_low_overflow_time[rw] = jiffies;
- tg->td->nr_queued[rw]++;
+ td->nr_queued[rw]++;
throtl_add_bio_tg(bio, qn, tg);
throttled = true;
@@ -2044,20 +2140,67 @@ out:
*/
if (!throttled)
bio_clear_flag(bio, BIO_THROTTLED);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING_LOW
+ if (throttled || !td->track_bio_latency)
+ bio->bi_issue_stat.stat |= SKIP_LATENCY;
+#endif
return throttled;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING_LOW
+static void throtl_track_latency(struct throtl_data *td, sector_t size,
+ int op, unsigned long time)
+{
+ struct latency_bucket *latency;
+ int index;
+
+ if (!td || td->limit_index != LIMIT_LOW || op != REQ_OP_READ ||
+ !blk_queue_nonrot(td->queue))
+ return;
+
+ index = request_bucket_index(size);
+
+ latency = get_cpu_ptr(td->latency_buckets);
+ latency[index].total_latency += time;
+ latency[index].samples++;
+ put_cpu_ptr(td->latency_buckets);
+}
+
+void blk_throtl_stat_add(struct request *rq, u64 time_ns)
+{
+ struct request_queue *q = rq->q;
+ struct throtl_data *td = q->td;
+
+ throtl_track_latency(td, blk_stat_size(&rq->issue_stat),
+ req_op(rq), time_ns >> 10);
+}
+
void blk_throtl_bio_endio(struct bio *bio)
{
struct throtl_grp *tg;
+ u64 finish_time_ns;
+ unsigned long finish_time;
+ unsigned long start_time;
+ unsigned long lat;
tg = bio->bi_cg_private;
if (!tg)
return;
bio->bi_cg_private = NULL;
- tg->last_finish_time = ktime_get_ns() >> 10;
+ finish_time_ns = ktime_get_ns();
+ tg->last_finish_time = finish_time_ns >> 10;
+
+ start_time = blk_stat_time(&bio->bi_issue_stat) >> 10;
+ finish_time = __blk_stat_time(finish_time_ns) >> 10;
+ /* this is only for bio based driver */
+ if (start_time && finish_time > start_time &&
+ !(bio->bi_issue_stat.stat & SKIP_LATENCY)) {
+ lat = finish_time - start_time;
+ throtl_track_latency(tg->td, blk_stat_size(&bio->bi_issue_stat),
+ bio_op(bio), lat);
+ }
}
#endif
@@ -2133,6 +2276,12 @@ int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q)
td = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*td), GFP_KERNEL, q->node);
if (!td)
return -ENOMEM;
+ td->latency_buckets = __alloc_percpu(sizeof(struct latency_bucket) *
+ LATENCY_BUCKET_SIZE, __alignof__(u64));
+ if (!td->latency_buckets) {
+ kfree(td);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
INIT_WORK(&td->dispatch_work, blk_throtl_dispatch_work_fn);
throtl_service_queue_init(&td->service_queue);
@@ -2147,8 +2296,10 @@ int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q)
/* activate policy */
ret = blkcg_activate_policy(q, &blkcg_policy_throtl);
- if (ret)
+ if (ret) {
+ free_percpu(td->latency_buckets);
kfree(td);
+ }
return ret;
}
@@ -2157,6 +2308,7 @@ void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q)
BUG_ON(!q->td);
throtl_shutdown_wq(q);
blkcg_deactivate_policy(q, &blkcg_policy_throtl);
+ free_percpu(q->td->latency_buckets);
kfree(q->td);
}
@@ -2181,6 +2333,10 @@ void blk_throtl_register_queue(struct request_queue *q)
td->throtl_slice = DFL_THROTL_SLICE_HD;
#endif
+ td->track_bio_latency = !q->mq_ops && !q->request_fn;
+ if (!td->track_bio_latency)
+ blk_stat_enable_accounting(q);
+
/*
* some tg are created before queue is fully initialized, eg, nonrot
* isn't initialized yet