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-rw-r--r--block/elevator.c802
1 files changed, 802 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/block/elevator.c b/block/elevator.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d4a49a3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/block/elevator.c
@@ -0,0 +1,802 @@
+/*
+ * linux/drivers/block/elevator.c
+ *
+ * Block device elevator/IO-scheduler.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2000 Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de> SuSE
+ *
+ * 30042000 Jens Axboe <axboe@suse.de> :
+ *
+ * Split the elevator a bit so that it is possible to choose a different
+ * one or even write a new "plug in". There are three pieces:
+ * - elevator_fn, inserts a new request in the queue list
+ * - elevator_merge_fn, decides whether a new buffer can be merged with
+ * an existing request
+ * - elevator_dequeue_fn, called when a request is taken off the active list
+ *
+ * 20082000 Dave Jones <davej@suse.de> :
+ * Removed tests for max-bomb-segments, which was breaking elvtune
+ * when run without -bN
+ *
+ * Jens:
+ * - Rework again to work with bio instead of buffer_heads
+ * - loose bi_dev comparisons, partition handling is right now
+ * - completely modularize elevator setup and teardown
+ *
+ */
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/elevator.h>
+#include <linux/bio.h>
+#include <linux/config.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(elv_list_lock);
+static LIST_HEAD(elv_list);
+
+/*
+ * can we safely merge with this request?
+ */
+inline int elv_rq_merge_ok(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio)
+{
+ if (!rq_mergeable(rq))
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * different data direction or already started, don't merge
+ */
+ if (bio_data_dir(bio) != rq_data_dir(rq))
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * same device and no special stuff set, merge is ok
+ */
+ if (rq->rq_disk == bio->bi_bdev->bd_disk &&
+ !rq->waiting && !rq->special)
+ return 1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(elv_rq_merge_ok);
+
+inline int elv_try_merge(struct request *__rq, struct bio *bio)
+{
+ int ret = ELEVATOR_NO_MERGE;
+
+ /*
+ * we can merge and sequence is ok, check if it's possible
+ */
+ if (elv_rq_merge_ok(__rq, bio)) {
+ if (__rq->sector + __rq->nr_sectors == bio->bi_sector)
+ ret = ELEVATOR_BACK_MERGE;
+ else if (__rq->sector - bio_sectors(bio) == bio->bi_sector)
+ ret = ELEVATOR_FRONT_MERGE;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(elv_try_merge);
+
+static struct elevator_type *elevator_find(const char *name)
+{
+ struct elevator_type *e = NULL;
+ struct list_head *entry;
+
+ list_for_each(entry, &elv_list) {
+ struct elevator_type *__e;
+
+ __e = list_entry(entry, struct elevator_type, list);
+
+ if (!strcmp(__e->elevator_name, name)) {
+ e = __e;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return e;
+}
+
+static void elevator_put(struct elevator_type *e)
+{
+ module_put(e->elevator_owner);
+}
+
+static struct elevator_type *elevator_get(const char *name)
+{
+ struct elevator_type *e;
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&elv_list_lock);
+
+ e = elevator_find(name);
+ if (e && !try_module_get(e->elevator_owner))
+ e = NULL;
+
+ spin_unlock_irq(&elv_list_lock);
+
+ return e;
+}
+
+static int elevator_attach(request_queue_t *q, struct elevator_type *e,
+ struct elevator_queue *eq)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ memset(eq, 0, sizeof(*eq));
+ eq->ops = &e->ops;
+ eq->elevator_type = e;
+
+ q->elevator = eq;
+
+ if (eq->ops->elevator_init_fn)
+ ret = eq->ops->elevator_init_fn(q, eq);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static char chosen_elevator[16];
+
+static void elevator_setup_default(void)
+{
+ struct elevator_type *e;
+
+ /*
+ * If default has not been set, use the compiled-in selection.
+ */
+ if (!chosen_elevator[0])
+ strcpy(chosen_elevator, CONFIG_DEFAULT_IOSCHED);
+
+ /*
+ * If the given scheduler is not available, fall back to no-op.
+ */
+ if (!(e = elevator_find(chosen_elevator)))
+ strcpy(chosen_elevator, "noop");
+ elevator_put(e);
+}
+
+static int __init elevator_setup(char *str)
+{
+ strncpy(chosen_elevator, str, sizeof(chosen_elevator) - 1);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+__setup("elevator=", elevator_setup);
+
+int elevator_init(request_queue_t *q, char *name)
+{
+ struct elevator_type *e = NULL;
+ struct elevator_queue *eq;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&q->queue_head);
+ q->last_merge = NULL;
+ q->end_sector = 0;
+ q->boundary_rq = NULL;
+
+ elevator_setup_default();
+
+ if (!name)
+ name = chosen_elevator;
+
+ e = elevator_get(name);
+ if (!e)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ eq = kmalloc(sizeof(struct elevator_queue), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!eq) {
+ elevator_put(e->elevator_type);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ ret = elevator_attach(q, e, eq);
+ if (ret) {
+ kfree(eq);
+ elevator_put(e->elevator_type);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+void elevator_exit(elevator_t *e)
+{
+ if (e->ops->elevator_exit_fn)
+ e->ops->elevator_exit_fn(e);
+
+ elevator_put(e->elevator_type);
+ e->elevator_type = NULL;
+ kfree(e);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Insert rq into dispatch queue of q. Queue lock must be held on
+ * entry. If sort != 0, rq is sort-inserted; otherwise, rq will be
+ * appended to the dispatch queue. To be used by specific elevators.
+ */
+void elv_dispatch_sort(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq)
+{
+ sector_t boundary;
+ struct list_head *entry;
+
+ if (q->last_merge == rq)
+ q->last_merge = NULL;
+
+ boundary = q->end_sector;
+
+ list_for_each_prev(entry, &q->queue_head) {
+ struct request *pos = list_entry_rq(entry);
+
+ if (pos->flags & (REQ_SOFTBARRIER|REQ_HARDBARRIER|REQ_STARTED))
+ break;
+ if (rq->sector >= boundary) {
+ if (pos->sector < boundary)
+ continue;
+ } else {
+ if (pos->sector >= boundary)
+ break;
+ }
+ if (rq->sector >= pos->sector)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ list_add(&rq->queuelist, entry);
+}
+
+int elv_merge(request_queue_t *q, struct request **req, struct bio *bio)
+{
+ elevator_t *e = q->elevator;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (q->last_merge) {
+ ret = elv_try_merge(q->last_merge, bio);
+ if (ret != ELEVATOR_NO_MERGE) {
+ *req = q->last_merge;
+ return ret;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (e->ops->elevator_merge_fn)
+ return e->ops->elevator_merge_fn(q, req, bio);
+
+ return ELEVATOR_NO_MERGE;
+}
+
+void elv_merged_request(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq)
+{
+ elevator_t *e = q->elevator;
+
+ if (e->ops->elevator_merged_fn)
+ e->ops->elevator_merged_fn(q, rq);
+
+ q->last_merge = rq;
+}
+
+void elv_merge_requests(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq,
+ struct request *next)
+{
+ elevator_t *e = q->elevator;
+
+ if (e->ops->elevator_merge_req_fn)
+ e->ops->elevator_merge_req_fn(q, rq, next);
+
+ q->last_merge = rq;
+}
+
+void elv_requeue_request(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq)
+{
+ elevator_t *e = q->elevator;
+
+ /*
+ * it already went through dequeue, we need to decrement the
+ * in_flight count again
+ */
+ if (blk_account_rq(rq)) {
+ q->in_flight--;
+ if (blk_sorted_rq(rq) && e->ops->elevator_deactivate_req_fn)
+ e->ops->elevator_deactivate_req_fn(q, rq);
+ }
+
+ rq->flags &= ~REQ_STARTED;
+
+ /*
+ * if this is the flush, requeue the original instead and drop the flush
+ */
+ if (rq->flags & REQ_BAR_FLUSH) {
+ clear_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_FLUSH, &q->queue_flags);
+ rq = rq->end_io_data;
+ }
+
+ __elv_add_request(q, rq, ELEVATOR_INSERT_FRONT, 0);
+}
+
+void __elv_add_request(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq, int where,
+ int plug)
+{
+ if (rq->flags & (REQ_SOFTBARRIER | REQ_HARDBARRIER)) {
+ /*
+ * barriers implicitly indicate back insertion
+ */
+ if (where == ELEVATOR_INSERT_SORT)
+ where = ELEVATOR_INSERT_BACK;
+
+ /*
+ * this request is scheduling boundary, update end_sector
+ */
+ if (blk_fs_request(rq)) {
+ q->end_sector = rq_end_sector(rq);
+ q->boundary_rq = rq;
+ }
+ } else if (!(rq->flags & REQ_ELVPRIV) && where == ELEVATOR_INSERT_SORT)
+ where = ELEVATOR_INSERT_BACK;
+
+ if (plug)
+ blk_plug_device(q);
+
+ rq->q = q;
+
+ switch (where) {
+ case ELEVATOR_INSERT_FRONT:
+ rq->flags |= REQ_SOFTBARRIER;
+
+ list_add(&rq->queuelist, &q->queue_head);
+ break;
+
+ case ELEVATOR_INSERT_BACK:
+ rq->flags |= REQ_SOFTBARRIER;
+
+ while (q->elevator->ops->elevator_dispatch_fn(q, 1))
+ ;
+ list_add_tail(&rq->queuelist, &q->queue_head);
+ /*
+ * We kick the queue here for the following reasons.
+ * - The elevator might have returned NULL previously
+ * to delay requests and returned them now. As the
+ * queue wasn't empty before this request, ll_rw_blk
+ * won't run the queue on return, resulting in hang.
+ * - Usually, back inserted requests won't be merged
+ * with anything. There's no point in delaying queue
+ * processing.
+ */
+ blk_remove_plug(q);
+ q->request_fn(q);
+ break;
+
+ case ELEVATOR_INSERT_SORT:
+ BUG_ON(!blk_fs_request(rq));
+ rq->flags |= REQ_SORTED;
+ if (q->last_merge == NULL && rq_mergeable(rq))
+ q->last_merge = rq;
+ /*
+ * Some ioscheds (cfq) run q->request_fn directly, so
+ * rq cannot be accessed after calling
+ * elevator_add_req_fn.
+ */
+ q->elevator->ops->elevator_add_req_fn(q, rq);
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ printk(KERN_ERR "%s: bad insertion point %d\n",
+ __FUNCTION__, where);
+ BUG();
+ }
+
+ if (blk_queue_plugged(q)) {
+ int nrq = q->rq.count[READ] + q->rq.count[WRITE]
+ - q->in_flight;
+
+ if (nrq >= q->unplug_thresh)
+ __generic_unplug_device(q);
+ }
+}
+
+void elv_add_request(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq, int where,
+ int plug)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(q->queue_lock, flags);
+ __elv_add_request(q, rq, where, plug);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(q->queue_lock, flags);
+}
+
+static inline struct request *__elv_next_request(request_queue_t *q)
+{
+ struct request *rq;
+
+ if (unlikely(list_empty(&q->queue_head) &&
+ !q->elevator->ops->elevator_dispatch_fn(q, 0)))
+ return NULL;
+
+ rq = list_entry_rq(q->queue_head.next);
+
+ /*
+ * if this is a barrier write and the device has to issue a
+ * flush sequence to support it, check how far we are
+ */
+ if (blk_fs_request(rq) && blk_barrier_rq(rq)) {
+ BUG_ON(q->ordered == QUEUE_ORDERED_NONE);
+
+ if (q->ordered == QUEUE_ORDERED_FLUSH &&
+ !blk_barrier_preflush(rq))
+ rq = blk_start_pre_flush(q, rq);
+ }
+
+ return rq;
+}
+
+struct request *elv_next_request(request_queue_t *q)
+{
+ struct request *rq;
+ int ret;
+
+ while ((rq = __elv_next_request(q)) != NULL) {
+ if (!(rq->flags & REQ_STARTED)) {
+ elevator_t *e = q->elevator;
+
+ /*
+ * This is the first time the device driver
+ * sees this request (possibly after
+ * requeueing). Notify IO scheduler.
+ */
+ if (blk_sorted_rq(rq) &&
+ e->ops->elevator_activate_req_fn)
+ e->ops->elevator_activate_req_fn(q, rq);
+
+ /*
+ * just mark as started even if we don't start
+ * it, a request that has been delayed should
+ * not be passed by new incoming requests
+ */
+ rq->flags |= REQ_STARTED;
+ }
+
+ if (!q->boundary_rq || q->boundary_rq == rq) {
+ q->end_sector = rq_end_sector(rq);
+ q->boundary_rq = NULL;
+ }
+
+ if ((rq->flags & REQ_DONTPREP) || !q->prep_rq_fn)
+ break;
+
+ ret = q->prep_rq_fn(q, rq);
+ if (ret == BLKPREP_OK) {
+ break;
+ } else if (ret == BLKPREP_DEFER) {
+ /*
+ * the request may have been (partially) prepped.
+ * we need to keep this request in the front to
+ * avoid resource deadlock. REQ_STARTED will
+ * prevent other fs requests from passing this one.
+ */
+ rq = NULL;
+ break;
+ } else if (ret == BLKPREP_KILL) {
+ int nr_bytes = rq->hard_nr_sectors << 9;
+
+ if (!nr_bytes)
+ nr_bytes = rq->data_len;
+
+ blkdev_dequeue_request(rq);
+ rq->flags |= REQ_QUIET;
+ end_that_request_chunk(rq, 0, nr_bytes);
+ end_that_request_last(rq);
+ } else {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "%s: bad return=%d\n", __FUNCTION__,
+ ret);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return rq;
+}
+
+void elv_dequeue_request(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq)
+{
+ BUG_ON(list_empty(&rq->queuelist));
+
+ list_del_init(&rq->queuelist);
+
+ /*
+ * the time frame between a request being removed from the lists
+ * and to it is freed is accounted as io that is in progress at
+ * the driver side.
+ */
+ if (blk_account_rq(rq))
+ q->in_flight++;
+}
+
+int elv_queue_empty(request_queue_t *q)
+{
+ elevator_t *e = q->elevator;
+
+ if (!list_empty(&q->queue_head))
+ return 0;
+
+ if (e->ops->elevator_queue_empty_fn)
+ return e->ops->elevator_queue_empty_fn(q);
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+struct request *elv_latter_request(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq)
+{
+ struct list_head *next;
+
+ elevator_t *e = q->elevator;
+
+ if (e->ops->elevator_latter_req_fn)
+ return e->ops->elevator_latter_req_fn(q, rq);
+
+ next = rq->queuelist.next;
+ if (next != &q->queue_head && next != &rq->queuelist)
+ return list_entry_rq(next);
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+struct request *elv_former_request(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq)
+{
+ struct list_head *prev;
+
+ elevator_t *e = q->elevator;
+
+ if (e->ops->elevator_former_req_fn)
+ return e->ops->elevator_former_req_fn(q, rq);
+
+ prev = rq->queuelist.prev;
+ if (prev != &q->queue_head && prev != &rq->queuelist)
+ return list_entry_rq(prev);
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+int elv_set_request(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio,
+ gfp_t gfp_mask)
+{
+ elevator_t *e = q->elevator;
+
+ if (e->ops->elevator_set_req_fn)
+ return e->ops->elevator_set_req_fn(q, rq, bio, gfp_mask);
+
+ rq->elevator_private = NULL;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void elv_put_request(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq)
+{
+ elevator_t *e = q->elevator;
+
+ if (e->ops->elevator_put_req_fn)
+ e->ops->elevator_put_req_fn(q, rq);
+}
+
+int elv_may_queue(request_queue_t *q, int rw, struct bio *bio)
+{
+ elevator_t *e = q->elevator;
+
+ if (e->ops->elevator_may_queue_fn)
+ return e->ops->elevator_may_queue_fn(q, rw, bio);
+
+ return ELV_MQUEUE_MAY;
+}
+
+void elv_completed_request(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq)
+{
+ elevator_t *e = q->elevator;
+
+ /*
+ * request is released from the driver, io must be done
+ */
+ if (blk_account_rq(rq)) {
+ q->in_flight--;
+ if (blk_sorted_rq(rq) && e->ops->elevator_completed_req_fn)
+ e->ops->elevator_completed_req_fn(q, rq);
+ }
+}
+
+int elv_register_queue(struct request_queue *q)
+{
+ elevator_t *e = q->elevator;
+
+ e->kobj.parent = kobject_get(&q->kobj);
+ if (!e->kobj.parent)
+ return -EBUSY;
+
+ snprintf(e->kobj.name, KOBJ_NAME_LEN, "%s", "iosched");
+ e->kobj.ktype = e->elevator_type->elevator_ktype;
+
+ return kobject_register(&e->kobj);
+}
+
+void elv_unregister_queue(struct request_queue *q)
+{
+ if (q) {
+ elevator_t *e = q->elevator;
+ kobject_unregister(&e->kobj);
+ kobject_put(&q->kobj);
+ }
+}
+
+int elv_register(struct elevator_type *e)
+{
+ spin_lock_irq(&elv_list_lock);
+ if (elevator_find(e->elevator_name))
+ BUG();
+ list_add_tail(&e->list, &elv_list);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&elv_list_lock);
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "io scheduler %s registered", e->elevator_name);
+ if (!strcmp(e->elevator_name, chosen_elevator))
+ printk(" (default)");
+ printk("\n");
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(elv_register);
+
+void elv_unregister(struct elevator_type *e)
+{
+ struct task_struct *g, *p;
+
+ /*
+ * Iterate every thread in the process to remove the io contexts.
+ */
+ read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
+ do_each_thread(g, p) {
+ struct io_context *ioc = p->io_context;
+ if (ioc && ioc->cic) {
+ ioc->cic->exit(ioc->cic);
+ ioc->cic->dtor(ioc->cic);
+ ioc->cic = NULL;
+ }
+ if (ioc && ioc->aic) {
+ ioc->aic->exit(ioc->aic);
+ ioc->aic->dtor(ioc->aic);
+ ioc->aic = NULL;
+ }
+ } while_each_thread(g, p);
+ read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&elv_list_lock);
+ list_del_init(&e->list);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&elv_list_lock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(elv_unregister);
+
+/*
+ * switch to new_e io scheduler. be careful not to introduce deadlocks -
+ * we don't free the old io scheduler, before we have allocated what we
+ * need for the new one. this way we have a chance of going back to the old
+ * one, if the new one fails init for some reason.
+ */
+static void elevator_switch(request_queue_t *q, struct elevator_type *new_e)
+{
+ elevator_t *old_elevator, *e;
+
+ /*
+ * Allocate new elevator
+ */
+ e = kmalloc(sizeof(elevator_t), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!e)
+ goto error;
+
+ /*
+ * Turn on BYPASS and drain all requests w/ elevator private data
+ */
+ spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+
+ set_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_ELVSWITCH, &q->queue_flags);
+
+ while (q->elevator->ops->elevator_dispatch_fn(q, 1))
+ ;
+
+ while (q->rq.elvpriv) {
+ spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ msleep(10);
+ spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * unregister old elevator data
+ */
+ elv_unregister_queue(q);
+ old_elevator = q->elevator;
+
+ /*
+ * attach and start new elevator
+ */
+ if (elevator_attach(q, new_e, e))
+ goto fail;
+
+ if (elv_register_queue(q))
+ goto fail_register;
+
+ /*
+ * finally exit old elevator and turn off BYPASS.
+ */
+ elevator_exit(old_elevator);
+ clear_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_ELVSWITCH, &q->queue_flags);
+ return;
+
+fail_register:
+ /*
+ * switch failed, exit the new io scheduler and reattach the old
+ * one again (along with re-adding the sysfs dir)
+ */
+ elevator_exit(e);
+ e = NULL;
+fail:
+ q->elevator = old_elevator;
+ elv_register_queue(q);
+ clear_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_ELVSWITCH, &q->queue_flags);
+ kfree(e);
+error:
+ elevator_put(new_e);
+ printk(KERN_ERR "elevator: switch to %s failed\n",new_e->elevator_name);
+}
+
+ssize_t elv_iosched_store(request_queue_t *q, const char *name, size_t count)
+{
+ char elevator_name[ELV_NAME_MAX];
+ struct elevator_type *e;
+
+ memset(elevator_name, 0, sizeof(elevator_name));
+ strncpy(elevator_name, name, sizeof(elevator_name));
+
+ if (elevator_name[strlen(elevator_name) - 1] == '\n')
+ elevator_name[strlen(elevator_name) - 1] = '\0';
+
+ e = elevator_get(elevator_name);
+ if (!e) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "elevator: type %s not found\n", elevator_name);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (!strcmp(elevator_name, q->elevator->elevator_type->elevator_name)) {
+ elevator_put(e);
+ return count;
+ }
+
+ elevator_switch(q, e);
+ return count;
+}
+
+ssize_t elv_iosched_show(request_queue_t *q, char *name)
+{
+ elevator_t *e = q->elevator;
+ struct elevator_type *elv = e->elevator_type;
+ struct list_head *entry;
+ int len = 0;
+
+ spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ list_for_each(entry, &elv_list) {
+ struct elevator_type *__e;
+
+ __e = list_entry(entry, struct elevator_type, list);
+ if (!strcmp(elv->elevator_name, __e->elevator_name))
+ len += sprintf(name+len, "[%s] ", elv->elevator_name);
+ else
+ len += sprintf(name+len, "%s ", __e->elevator_name);
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+
+ len += sprintf(len+name, "\n");
+ return len;
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(elv_dispatch_sort);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(elv_add_request);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__elv_add_request);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(elv_requeue_request);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(elv_next_request);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(elv_dequeue_request);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(elv_queue_empty);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(elv_completed_request);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(elevator_exit);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(elevator_init);