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authorPeter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>2017-02-10 16:27:52 +0100
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>2017-02-24 09:02:10 +0100
commit29dee3c03abce04cd527878ef5f9e5f91b7b83f4 (patch)
tree778c1f931b1425b4d99d0627a1791efc730e6fbd /lib
parent2bfe01eff4307409b95859e860261d0907149b61 (diff)
downloadlinux-29dee3c03abce04cd527878ef5f9e5f91b7b83f4.tar.gz
linux-29dee3c03abce04cd527878ef5f9e5f91b7b83f4.tar.xz
locking/refcounts: Out-of-line everything
Linus asked to please make this real C code. And since size then isn't an issue what so ever anymore, remove the debug knob and make all WARN()s unconditional. Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: dwindsor@gmail.com Cc: elena.reshetova@intel.com Cc: gregkh@linuxfoundation.org Cc: ishkamiel@gmail.com Cc: keescook@chromium.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'lib')
-rw-r--r--lib/Kconfig.debug13
-rw-r--r--lib/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--lib/refcount.c267
3 files changed, 268 insertions, 14 deletions
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index acedbe626d47..0dbce99d8433 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -716,19 +716,6 @@ source "lib/Kconfig.kmemcheck"
source "lib/Kconfig.kasan"
-config DEBUG_REFCOUNT
- bool "Verbose refcount checks"
- help
- Say Y here if you want reference counters (refcount_t and kref) to
- generate WARNs on dubious usage. Without this refcount_t will still
- be a saturating counter and avoid Use-After-Free by turning it into
- a resource leak Denial-Of-Service.
-
- Use of this option will increase kernel text size but will alert the
- admin of potential abuse.
-
- If in doubt, say "N".
-
endmenu # "Memory Debugging"
config ARCH_HAS_KCOV
diff --git a/lib/Makefile b/lib/Makefile
index 19ea76149a37..192e4d03caf9 100644
--- a/lib/Makefile
+++ b/lib/Makefile
@@ -36,7 +36,7 @@ obj-y += bcd.o div64.o sort.o parser.o debug_locks.o random32.o \
gcd.o lcm.o list_sort.o uuid.o flex_array.o iov_iter.o clz_ctz.o \
bsearch.o find_bit.o llist.o memweight.o kfifo.o \
percpu-refcount.o percpu_ida.o rhashtable.o reciprocal_div.o \
- once.o
+ once.o refcount.o
obj-y += string_helpers.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TEST_STRING_HELPERS) += test-string_helpers.o
obj-y += hexdump.o
diff --git a/lib/refcount.c b/lib/refcount.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1d33366189d1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/refcount.c
@@ -0,0 +1,267 @@
+/*
+ * Variant of atomic_t specialized for reference counts.
+ *
+ * The interface matches the atomic_t interface (to aid in porting) but only
+ * provides the few functions one should use for reference counting.
+ *
+ * It differs in that the counter saturates at UINT_MAX and will not move once
+ * there. This avoids wrapping the counter and causing 'spurious'
+ * use-after-free issues.
+ *
+ * Memory ordering rules are slightly relaxed wrt regular atomic_t functions
+ * and provide only what is strictly required for refcounts.
+ *
+ * The increments are fully relaxed; these will not provide ordering. The
+ * rationale is that whatever is used to obtain the object we're increasing the
+ * reference count on will provide the ordering. For locked data structures,
+ * its the lock acquire, for RCU/lockless data structures its the dependent
+ * load.
+ *
+ * Do note that inc_not_zero() provides a control dependency which will order
+ * future stores against the inc, this ensures we'll never modify the object
+ * if we did not in fact acquire a reference.
+ *
+ * The decrements will provide release order, such that all the prior loads and
+ * stores will be issued before, it also provides a control dependency, which
+ * will order us against the subsequent free().
+ *
+ * The control dependency is against the load of the cmpxchg (ll/sc) that
+ * succeeded. This means the stores aren't fully ordered, but this is fine
+ * because the 1->0 transition indicates no concurrency.
+ *
+ * Note that the allocator is responsible for ordering things between free()
+ * and alloc().
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/refcount.h>
+#include <linux/bug.h>
+
+bool refcount_add_not_zero(unsigned int i, refcount_t *r)
+{
+ unsigned int old, new, val = atomic_read(&r->refs);
+
+ for (;;) {
+ if (!val)
+ return false;
+
+ if (unlikely(val == UINT_MAX))
+ return true;
+
+ new = val + i;
+ if (new < val)
+ new = UINT_MAX;
+ old = atomic_cmpxchg_relaxed(&r->refs, val, new);
+ if (old == val)
+ break;
+
+ val = old;
+ }
+
+ WARN(new == UINT_MAX, "refcount_t: saturated; leaking memory.\n");
+
+ return true;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(refcount_add_not_zero);
+
+void refcount_add(unsigned int i, refcount_t *r)
+{
+ WARN(!refcount_add_not_zero(i, r), "refcount_t: addition on 0; use-after-free.\n");
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(refcount_add);
+
+/*
+ * Similar to atomic_inc_not_zero(), will saturate at UINT_MAX and WARN.
+ *
+ * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the
+ * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency
+ * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top.
+ */
+bool refcount_inc_not_zero(refcount_t *r)
+{
+ unsigned int old, new, val = atomic_read(&r->refs);
+
+ for (;;) {
+ new = val + 1;
+
+ if (!val)
+ return false;
+
+ if (unlikely(!new))
+ return true;
+
+ old = atomic_cmpxchg_relaxed(&r->refs, val, new);
+ if (old == val)
+ break;
+
+ val = old;
+ }
+
+ WARN(new == UINT_MAX, "refcount_t: saturated; leaking memory.\n");
+
+ return true;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(refcount_inc_not_zero);
+
+/*
+ * Similar to atomic_inc(), will saturate at UINT_MAX and WARN.
+ *
+ * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller already has a
+ * reference on the object, will WARN when this is not so.
+ */
+void refcount_inc(refcount_t *r)
+{
+ WARN(!refcount_inc_not_zero(r), "refcount_t: increment on 0; use-after-free.\n");
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(refcount_inc);
+
+bool refcount_sub_and_test(unsigned int i, refcount_t *r)
+{
+ unsigned int old, new, val = atomic_read(&r->refs);
+
+ for (;;) {
+ if (unlikely(val == UINT_MAX))
+ return false;
+
+ new = val - i;
+ if (new > val) {
+ WARN(new > val, "refcount_t: underflow; use-after-free.\n");
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ old = atomic_cmpxchg_release(&r->refs, val, new);
+ if (old == val)
+ break;
+
+ val = old;
+ }
+
+ return !new;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(refcount_sub_and_test);
+
+/*
+ * Similar to atomic_dec_and_test(), it will WARN on underflow and fail to
+ * decrement when saturated at UINT_MAX.
+ *
+ * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done
+ * before, and provides a control dependency such that free() must come after.
+ * See the comment on top.
+ */
+bool refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r)
+{
+ return refcount_sub_and_test(1, r);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(refcount_dec_and_test);
+
+/*
+ * Similar to atomic_dec(), it will WARN on underflow and fail to decrement
+ * when saturated at UINT_MAX.
+ *
+ * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done
+ * before.
+ */
+
+void refcount_dec(refcount_t *r)
+{
+ WARN(refcount_dec_and_test(r), "refcount_t: decrement hit 0; leaking memory.\n");
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(refcount_dec);
+
+/*
+ * No atomic_t counterpart, it attempts a 1 -> 0 transition and returns the
+ * success thereof.
+ *
+ * Like all decrement operations, it provides release memory order and provides
+ * a control dependency.
+ *
+ * It can be used like a try-delete operator; this explicit case is provided
+ * and not cmpxchg in generic, because that would allow implementing unsafe
+ * operations.
+ */
+bool refcount_dec_if_one(refcount_t *r)
+{
+ return atomic_cmpxchg_release(&r->refs, 1, 0) == 1;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(refcount_dec_if_one);
+
+/*
+ * No atomic_t counterpart, it decrements unless the value is 1, in which case
+ * it will return false.
+ *
+ * Was often done like: atomic_add_unless(&var, -1, 1)
+ */
+bool refcount_dec_not_one(refcount_t *r)
+{
+ unsigned int old, new, val = atomic_read(&r->refs);
+
+ for (;;) {
+ if (unlikely(val == UINT_MAX))
+ return true;
+
+ if (val == 1)
+ return false;
+
+ new = val - 1;
+ if (new > val) {
+ WARN(new > val, "refcount_t: underflow; use-after-free.\n");
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ old = atomic_cmpxchg_release(&r->refs, val, new);
+ if (old == val)
+ break;
+
+ val = old;
+ }
+
+ return true;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(refcount_dec_not_one);
+
+/*
+ * Similar to atomic_dec_and_mutex_lock(), it will WARN on underflow and fail
+ * to decrement when saturated at UINT_MAX.
+ *
+ * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done
+ * before, and provides a control dependency such that free() must come after.
+ * See the comment on top.
+ */
+bool refcount_dec_and_mutex_lock(refcount_t *r, struct mutex *lock)
+{
+ if (refcount_dec_not_one(r))
+ return false;
+
+ mutex_lock(lock);
+ if (!refcount_dec_and_test(r)) {
+ mutex_unlock(lock);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ return true;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(refcount_dec_and_mutex_lock);
+
+/*
+ * Similar to atomic_dec_and_lock(), it will WARN on underflow and fail to
+ * decrement when saturated at UINT_MAX.
+ *
+ * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done
+ * before, and provides a control dependency such that free() must come after.
+ * See the comment on top.
+ */
+bool refcount_dec_and_lock(refcount_t *r, spinlock_t *lock)
+{
+ if (refcount_dec_not_one(r))
+ return false;
+
+ spin_lock(lock);
+ if (!refcount_dec_and_test(r)) {
+ spin_unlock(lock);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ return true;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(refcount_dec_and_lock);
+