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authorJuergen Beisert <jbe@pengutronix.de>2011-11-24 13:43:46 +0100
committerSascha Hauer <s.hauer@pengutronix.de>2011-11-28 09:23:24 +0100
commit967a2675ba32c88140a1656aa21256baac525986 (patch)
treeca6cb47d26dfdad5b4e0789eb172370488a3c9c5 /common/partitions.c
parent0748a120fbf2786c45f23234a07406ac5a9d2fd2 (diff)
downloadbarebox-967a2675ba32c88140a1656aa21256baac525986.tar.gz
DISK: Add common partition handling for disk like media
This covers disk like media like SD card, CF cards, regular hard disks and also USB mass storage devices. Most common used partition table is still of DOS type. This implementation is prepared to support more partition types in the future. Signed-off-by: Juergen Beisert <jbe@pengutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Sascha Hauer <s.hauer@pengutronix.de>
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diff --git a/common/partitions.c b/common/partitions.c
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+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2009...2011 Juergen Beisert, Pengutronix
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
+ * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
+ * MA 02111-1307 USA
+ *
+ */
+
+/**
+ * @file
+ * @brief Generic support for partition tables on disk like media
+ *
+ * @todo Support for disks larger than 4 GiB
+ * @todo Reliable size detection for BIOS based disks (on x86 only)
+ */
+#include <common.h>
+#include <malloc.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <block.h>
+#include <asm/unaligned.h>
+#include <disks.h>
+
+struct partition {
+ uint64_t first_sec;
+ uint64_t size;
+};
+
+struct partition_desc {
+ int used_entries;
+ struct partition parts[8];
+};
+
+/**
+ * Reject values which cannot be used in Barebox
+ * @param val Value to be check
+ * @return 0 if value can be used in Barebox, -EINVAL if not
+ *
+ * @note this routine can be removed when Barebox uses file offsets larger
+ * than 32 bit
+ */
+static int check_offset_value(uint64_t val)
+{
+#if 1 /* until Barebox can handle 64 bit offsets */
+ if (val > (__INT_MAX__ / SECTOR_SIZE))
+ return -EINVAL;
+#endif
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Guess the size of the disk, based on the partition table entries
+ * @param dev device to create partitions for
+ * @param table partition table
+ * @return sector count
+ */
+static int disk_guess_size(struct device_d *dev, struct partition_entry *table)
+{
+ uint64_t size = 0;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
+ if (table[i].partition_start != 0) {
+ size += get_unaligned(&table[i].partition_start) - size;
+ size += get_unaligned(&table[i].partition_size);
+ }
+ }
+ /* limit disk sector counts we can't handle due to 32 bit limits */
+ if (check_offset_value(size) != 0) {
+ dev_warn(dev, "Warning: Sector count limited due to 31 bit"
+ "contraints\n");
+ size = __INT_MAX__ / SECTOR_SIZE;
+ }
+
+ return (int)size;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Check if a DOS like partition describes this block device
+ * @param blk Block device to register to
+ * @param pd Where to store the partition information
+ *
+ * It seems at least on ARM this routine canot use temp. stack space for the
+ * sector. So, keep the malloc/free.
+ */
+static void __maybe_unused try_dos_partition(struct block_device *blk,
+ struct partition_desc *pd)
+{
+ uint8_t *buffer;
+ struct partition_entry *table;
+ struct partition pentry;
+ int i, rc;
+
+ buffer = xmalloc(SECTOR_SIZE);
+
+ /* read in the MBR to get the partition table */
+ rc = blk->ops->read(blk, buffer, 0, 1);
+ if (rc != 0) {
+ dev_err(blk->dev, "Cannot read MBR/partition table\n");
+ goto on_error;
+ }
+
+ if ((buffer[510] != 0x55) || (buffer[511] != 0xAA)) {
+ dev_info(blk->dev, "No partition table found\n");
+ goto on_error;
+ }
+
+ table = (struct partition_entry *)&buffer[446];
+
+ /* valid for x86 BIOS based disks only */
+ if (blk->num_blocks == 0)
+ blk->num_blocks = disk_guess_size(blk->dev, table);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
+ pentry.first_sec = get_unaligned(&table[i].partition_start);
+ pentry.size = get_unaligned(&table[i].partition_size);
+
+ /* do we have to ignore this partition due to limitations? */
+ if (check_offset_value(pentry.first_sec) != 0)
+ continue;
+ if (check_offset_value(pentry.size) != 0)
+ continue;
+
+ if (pentry.first_sec != 0) {
+ pd->parts[pd->used_entries].first_sec = pentry.first_sec;
+ pd->parts[pd->used_entries].size = pentry.size;
+ pd->used_entries++;
+ } else {
+ dev_dbg(blk->dev, "Skipping empty partition %d\n", i);
+ }
+ }
+
+on_error:
+ free(buffer);
+}
+
+/**
+ * Register one partition on the given block device
+ * @param blk Block device to register to
+ * @param part Partition description
+ * @param no Partition number
+ * @return 0 on success
+ */
+static int register_one_partition(struct block_device *blk,
+ struct partition *part, int no)
+{
+ char partition_name[19];
+
+ sprintf(partition_name, "%s.%d", blk->cdev.name, no);
+ dev_dbg(blk->dev, "Registering partition %s on drive %s\n",
+ partition_name, blk->cdev.name);
+ return devfs_add_partition(blk->cdev.name,
+ part->first_sec * SECTOR_SIZE,
+ part->size * SECTOR_SIZE,
+ DEVFS_PARTITION_FIXED, partition_name);
+}
+
+/**
+ * Try to collect partition information on the given block device
+ * @param blk Block device to examine
+ * @return 0 most of the time, negative value else
+ *
+ * It is not a failure if no partition information is found
+ */
+int parse_partition_table(struct block_device *blk)
+{
+ struct partition_desc pdesc = { .used_entries = 0, };
+ int i;
+ int rc = 0;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PARTITION_DISK_DOS
+ try_dos_partition(blk, &pdesc);
+#endif
+ if (!pdesc.used_entries)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* at least one partition description found */
+ for (i = 0; i < pdesc.used_entries; i++) {
+ rc = register_one_partition(blk, &pdesc.parts[i], i);
+ if (rc != 0)
+ dev_err(blk->dev,
+ "Failed to register partition %d on %s (%d)\n",
+ i, blk->cdev.name, rc);
+ if (rc != -ENODEV)
+ rc = 0;
+ }
+
+ return rc;
+}