summaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/fs/ubifs/sb.c
blob: 9eb8064d720799498415605dd2fbb49160aebbf0 (plain) (blame)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
/*
 * This file is part of UBIFS.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2006-2008 Nokia Corporation.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
 * more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
 * this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51
 * Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
 *
 * Authors: Artem Bityutskiy (Битюцкий Артём)
 *          Adrian Hunter
 */

/*
 * This file implements UBIFS superblock. The superblock is stored at the first
 * LEB of the volume and is never changed by UBIFS. Only user-space tools may
 * change it. The superblock node mostly contains geometry information.
 */

#include "ubifs.h"

#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/stat.h>

/*
 * Default journal size in logical eraseblocks as a percent of total
 * flash size.
 */
#define DEFAULT_JNL_PERCENT 5

/* Default maximum journal size in bytes */
#define DEFAULT_MAX_JNL (32*1024*1024)

/* Default indexing tree fanout */
#define DEFAULT_FANOUT 8

/* Default number of data journal heads */
#define DEFAULT_JHEADS_CNT 1

/* Default positions of different LEBs in the main area */
#define DEFAULT_IDX_LEB  0
#define DEFAULT_DATA_LEB 1
#define DEFAULT_GC_LEB   2

/* Default number of LEB numbers in LPT's save table */
#define DEFAULT_LSAVE_CNT 256

/* Default reserved pool size as a percent of maximum free space */
#define DEFAULT_RP_PERCENT 5

/* The default maximum size of reserved pool in bytes */
#define DEFAULT_MAX_RP_SIZE (5*1024*1024)

/* Default time granularity in nanoseconds */
#define DEFAULT_TIME_GRAN 1000000000

/*
 * removed in barebox
static int create_default_filesystem(struct ubifs_info *c)
 */

/**
 * validate_sb - validate superblock node.
 * @c: UBIFS file-system description object
 * @sup: superblock node
 *
 * This function validates superblock node @sup. Since most of data was read
 * from the superblock and stored in @c, the function validates fields in @c
 * instead. Returns zero in case of success and %-EINVAL in case of validation
 * failure.
 */
static int validate_sb(struct ubifs_info *c, struct ubifs_sb_node *sup)
{
	long long max_bytes;
	int err = 1, min_leb_cnt;

	if (!c->key_hash) {
		err = 2;
		goto failed;
	}

	if (sup->key_fmt != UBIFS_SIMPLE_KEY_FMT) {
		err = 3;
		goto failed;
	}

	if (le32_to_cpu(sup->min_io_size) != c->min_io_size) {
		ubifs_err(c, "min. I/O unit mismatch: %d in superblock, %d real",
			  le32_to_cpu(sup->min_io_size), c->min_io_size);
		goto failed;
	}

	if (le32_to_cpu(sup->leb_size) != c->leb_size) {
		ubifs_err(c, "LEB size mismatch: %d in superblock, %d real",
			  le32_to_cpu(sup->leb_size), c->leb_size);
		goto failed;
	}

	if (c->log_lebs < UBIFS_MIN_LOG_LEBS ||
	    c->lpt_lebs < UBIFS_MIN_LPT_LEBS ||
	    c->orph_lebs < UBIFS_MIN_ORPH_LEBS ||
	    c->main_lebs < UBIFS_MIN_MAIN_LEBS) {
		err = 4;
		goto failed;
	}

	/*
	 * Calculate minimum allowed amount of main area LEBs. This is very
	 * similar to %UBIFS_MIN_LEB_CNT, but we take into account real what we
	 * have just read from the superblock.
	 */
	min_leb_cnt = UBIFS_SB_LEBS + UBIFS_MST_LEBS + c->log_lebs;
	min_leb_cnt += c->lpt_lebs + c->orph_lebs + c->jhead_cnt + 6;

	if (c->leb_cnt < min_leb_cnt || c->leb_cnt > c->vi.size) {
		ubifs_err(c, "bad LEB count: %d in superblock, %d on UBI volume, %d minimum required",
			  c->leb_cnt, c->vi.size, min_leb_cnt);
		goto failed;
	}

	if (c->max_leb_cnt < c->leb_cnt) {
		ubifs_err(c, "max. LEB count %d less than LEB count %d",
			  c->max_leb_cnt, c->leb_cnt);
		goto failed;
	}

	if (c->main_lebs < UBIFS_MIN_MAIN_LEBS) {
		ubifs_err(c, "too few main LEBs count %d, must be at least %d",
			  c->main_lebs, UBIFS_MIN_MAIN_LEBS);
		goto failed;
	}

	max_bytes = (long long)c->leb_size * UBIFS_MIN_BUD_LEBS;
	if (c->max_bud_bytes < max_bytes) {
		ubifs_err(c, "too small journal (%lld bytes), must be at least %lld bytes",
			  c->max_bud_bytes, max_bytes);
		goto failed;
	}

	max_bytes = (long long)c->leb_size * c->main_lebs;
	if (c->max_bud_bytes > max_bytes) {
		ubifs_err(c, "too large journal size (%lld bytes), only %lld bytes available in the main area",
			  c->max_bud_bytes, max_bytes);
		goto failed;
	}

	if (c->jhead_cnt < NONDATA_JHEADS_CNT + 1 ||
	    c->jhead_cnt > NONDATA_JHEADS_CNT + UBIFS_MAX_JHEADS) {
		err = 9;
		goto failed;
	}

	if (c->fanout < UBIFS_MIN_FANOUT ||
	    ubifs_idx_node_sz(c, c->fanout) > c->leb_size) {
		err = 10;
		goto failed;
	}

	if (c->lsave_cnt < 0 || (c->lsave_cnt > DEFAULT_LSAVE_CNT &&
	    c->lsave_cnt > c->max_leb_cnt - UBIFS_SB_LEBS - UBIFS_MST_LEBS -
	    c->log_lebs - c->lpt_lebs - c->orph_lebs)) {
		err = 11;
		goto failed;
	}

	if (UBIFS_SB_LEBS + UBIFS_MST_LEBS + c->log_lebs + c->lpt_lebs +
	    c->orph_lebs + c->main_lebs != c->leb_cnt) {
		err = 12;
		goto failed;
	}

	if (c->default_compr >= UBIFS_COMPR_TYPES_CNT) {
		err = 13;
		goto failed;
	}

	if (c->rp_size < 0 || max_bytes < c->rp_size) {
		err = 14;
		goto failed;
	}

	if (le32_to_cpu(sup->time_gran) > 1000000000 ||
	    le32_to_cpu(sup->time_gran) < 1) {
		err = 15;
		goto failed;
	}

	if (!c->double_hash && c->fmt_version >= 5) {
		err = 16;
		goto failed;
	}

	if (c->encrypted && c->fmt_version < 5) {
		err = 17;
		goto failed;
	}

	return 0;

failed:
	ubifs_err(c, "bad superblock, error %d", err);
	ubifs_dump_node(c, sup);
	return -EINVAL;
}

/**
 * ubifs_read_sb_node - read superblock node.
 * @c: UBIFS file-system description object
 *
 * This function returns a pointer to the superblock node or a negative error
 * code. Note, the user of this function is responsible of kfree()'ing the
 * returned superblock buffer.
 */
static struct ubifs_sb_node *ubifs_read_sb_node(struct ubifs_info *c)
{
	struct ubifs_sb_node *sup;
	int err;

	sup = kmalloc(ALIGN(UBIFS_SB_NODE_SZ, c->min_io_size), GFP_NOFS);
	if (!sup)
		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);

	err = ubifs_read_node(c, sup, UBIFS_SB_NODE, UBIFS_SB_NODE_SZ,
			      UBIFS_SB_LNUM, 0);
	if (err) {
		kfree(sup);
		return ERR_PTR(err);
	}

	return sup;
}

static int authenticate_sb_node(struct ubifs_info *c,
				const struct ubifs_sb_node *sup)
{
	unsigned int sup_flags = le32_to_cpu(sup->flags);
	int authenticated = !!(sup_flags & UBIFS_FLG_AUTHENTICATION);
	int hash_algo;
	struct digest *digest;

	if (!authenticated)
		return 0;

	if (!ubifs_allow_authenticated_unauthenticated)
		return -EPERM;

	hash_algo = le16_to_cpu(sup->hash_algo);
	if (hash_algo >= HASH_ALGO__LAST) {
		ubifs_err(c, "superblock uses unknown hash algo %d",
			hash_algo);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	digest = digest_alloc_by_algo(hash_algo);
	if (!digest) {
		ubifs_err(c, "Cannot allocate hash algo %d",
			hash_algo);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	c->hash_len = digest_length(digest);

	return 0;
}

/*
 * removed in barebox
int ubifs_write_sb_node(struct ubifs_info *c, struct ubifs_sb_node *sup)
 */

/**
 * ubifs_read_superblock - read superblock.
 * @c: UBIFS file-system description object
 *
 * This function finds, reads and checks the superblock. If an empty UBI volume
 * is being mounted, this function creates default superblock. Returns zero in
 * case of success, and a negative error code in case of failure.
 */
int ubifs_read_superblock(struct ubifs_info *c)
{
	int err, sup_flags;
	struct ubifs_sb_node *sup;

	if (c->empty) {
		ubifs_err(c, "No UBIFS filesystem found\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	sup = ubifs_read_sb_node(c);
	if (IS_ERR(sup))
		return PTR_ERR(sup);

	c->sup_node = sup;

	c->fmt_version = le32_to_cpu(sup->fmt_version);
	c->ro_compat_version = le32_to_cpu(sup->ro_compat_version);

	/*
	 * The software supports all previous versions but not future versions,
	 * due to the unavailability of time-travelling equipment.
	 */
	if (c->fmt_version > UBIFS_FORMAT_VERSION) {
		ubifs_assert(c, !c->ro_media || c->ro_mount);
		if (!c->ro_mount ||
		    c->ro_compat_version > UBIFS_RO_COMPAT_VERSION) {
			ubifs_err(c, "on-flash format version is w%d/r%d, but software only supports up to version w%d/r%d",
				  c->fmt_version, c->ro_compat_version,
				  UBIFS_FORMAT_VERSION,
				  UBIFS_RO_COMPAT_VERSION);
			if (c->ro_compat_version <= UBIFS_RO_COMPAT_VERSION) {
				ubifs_msg(c, "only R/O mounting is possible");
				err = -EROFS;
			} else
				err = -EINVAL;
			goto out;
		}

		/*
		 * The FS is mounted R/O, and the media format is
		 * R/O-compatible with the UBIFS implementation, so we can
		 * mount.
		 */
		c->rw_incompat = 1;
	}

	if (c->fmt_version < 3) {
		ubifs_err(c, "on-flash format version %d is not supported",
			  c->fmt_version);
		err = -EINVAL;
		goto out;
	}

	switch (sup->key_hash) {
	case UBIFS_KEY_HASH_R5:
		c->key_hash = key_r5_hash;
		c->key_hash_type = UBIFS_KEY_HASH_R5;
		break;

	case UBIFS_KEY_HASH_TEST:
		c->key_hash = key_test_hash;
		c->key_hash_type = UBIFS_KEY_HASH_TEST;
		break;
	};

	c->key_fmt = sup->key_fmt;

	switch (c->key_fmt) {
	case UBIFS_SIMPLE_KEY_FMT:
		c->key_len = UBIFS_SK_LEN;
		break;
	default:
		ubifs_err(c, "unsupported key format");
		err = -EINVAL;
		goto out;
	}

	c->leb_cnt       = le32_to_cpu(sup->leb_cnt);
	c->max_leb_cnt   = le32_to_cpu(sup->max_leb_cnt);
	c->max_bud_bytes = le64_to_cpu(sup->max_bud_bytes);
	c->log_lebs      = le32_to_cpu(sup->log_lebs);
	c->lpt_lebs      = le32_to_cpu(sup->lpt_lebs);
	c->orph_lebs     = le32_to_cpu(sup->orph_lebs);
	c->jhead_cnt     = le32_to_cpu(sup->jhead_cnt) + NONDATA_JHEADS_CNT;
	c->fanout        = le32_to_cpu(sup->fanout);
	c->lsave_cnt     = le32_to_cpu(sup->lsave_cnt);
	c->rp_size       = le64_to_cpu(sup->rp_size);
	sup_flags        = le32_to_cpu(sup->flags);
	if (!c->mount_opts.override_compr)
		c->default_compr = le16_to_cpu(sup->default_compr);

	c->vfs_sb->s_time_gran = le32_to_cpu(sup->time_gran);
	memcpy(&c->uuid, &sup->uuid, 16);
	c->big_lpt = !!(sup_flags & UBIFS_FLG_BIGLPT);
	c->space_fixup = !!(sup_flags & UBIFS_FLG_SPACE_FIXUP);
	c->double_hash = !!(sup_flags & UBIFS_FLG_DOUBLE_HASH);
	c->encrypted = !!(sup_flags & UBIFS_FLG_ENCRYPTION);

	err = authenticate_sb_node(c, sup);
	if (err)
		goto out;

	if ((sup_flags & ~UBIFS_FLG_MASK) != 0) {
		ubifs_err(c, "Unknown feature flags found: %#x",
			  sup_flags & ~UBIFS_FLG_MASK);
		err = -EINVAL;
		goto out;
	}

#ifndef CONFIG_UBIFS_FS_ENCRYPTION
	if (c->encrypted && !ubifs_allow_encrypted) {
		ubifs_err(c, "file system contains encrypted files but UBIFS"
			     " was built without crypto support.");
		err = -EINVAL;
		goto out;
	}
#endif

	/* Automatically increase file system size to the maximum size */
	c->old_leb_cnt = c->leb_cnt;
	if (c->leb_cnt < c->vi.size && c->leb_cnt < c->max_leb_cnt) {
		c->leb_cnt = min_t(int, c->max_leb_cnt, c->vi.size);
		if (c->ro_mount)
			dbg_mnt("Auto resizing (ro) from %d LEBs to %d LEBs",
				c->old_leb_cnt,	c->leb_cnt);
		else {
			/* Auto resizing not done in barebox */
		}
	}

	c->log_bytes = (long long)c->log_lebs * c->leb_size;
	c->log_last = UBIFS_LOG_LNUM + c->log_lebs - 1;
	c->lpt_first = UBIFS_LOG_LNUM + c->log_lebs;
	c->lpt_last = c->lpt_first + c->lpt_lebs - 1;
	c->orph_first = c->lpt_last + 1;
	c->orph_last = c->orph_first + c->orph_lebs - 1;
	c->main_lebs = c->leb_cnt - UBIFS_SB_LEBS - UBIFS_MST_LEBS;
	c->main_lebs -= c->log_lebs + c->lpt_lebs + c->orph_lebs;
	c->main_first = c->leb_cnt - c->main_lebs;

	err = validate_sb(c, sup);
out:
	return err;
}

/*
 * removed in barebox
static int fixup_leb(struct ubifs_info *c, int lnum, int len)
 */

/*
 * removed in barebox
static int fixup_free_space(struct ubifs_info *c)
 */

/*
 * removed in barebox
int ubifs_fixup_free_space(struct ubifs_info *c)
 */

/*
 * removed in barebox
int ubifs_enable_encryption(struct ubifs_info *c)
 */