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authorYing Huang <ying.huang@intel.com>2017-08-08 12:30:00 +0800
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>2017-08-29 15:14:38 +0200
commit966a967116e699762dbf4af7f9e0d1955c25aa37 (patch)
tree42d79e5b9df8d67be50b8b87cf5fcdaae751b54b
parentf52be5708076b75a045ac52c6fef3fffb8300525 (diff)
downloadlinux-0-day-966a967116e699762dbf4af7f9e0d1955c25aa37.tar.gz
smp: Avoid using two cache lines for struct call_single_data
struct call_single_data is used in IPIs to transfer information between CPUs. Its size is bigger than sizeof(unsigned long) and less than cache line size. Currently it is not allocated with any explicit alignment requirements. This makes it possible for allocated call_single_data to cross two cache lines, which results in double the number of the cache lines that need to be transferred among CPUs. This can be fixed by requiring call_single_data to be aligned with the size of call_single_data. Currently the size of call_single_data is the power of 2. If we add new fields to call_single_data, we may need to add padding to make sure the size of new definition is the power of 2 as well. Fortunately, this is enforced by GCC, which will report bad sizes. To set alignment requirements of call_single_data to the size of call_single_data, a struct definition and a typedef is used. To test the effect of the patch, I used the vm-scalability multiple thread swap test case (swap-w-seq-mt). The test will create multiple threads and each thread will eat memory until all RAM and part of swap is used, so that huge number of IPIs are triggered when unmapping memory. In the test, the throughput of memory writing improves ~5% compared with misaligned call_single_data, because of faster IPIs. Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Huang, Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> [ Add call_single_data_t and align with size of call_single_data. ] Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Aaron Lu <aaron.lu@intel.com> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/87bmnqd6lz.fsf@yhuang-mobile.sh.intel.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/mips/kernel/smp.c6
-rw-r--r--block/blk-softirq.c2
-rw-r--r--drivers/block/null_blk.c2
-rw-r--r--drivers/cpuidle/coupled.c10
-rw-r--r--drivers/net/ethernet/cavium/liquidio/lio_main.c2
-rw-r--r--drivers/net/ethernet/cavium/liquidio/octeon_droq.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/blkdev.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/netdevice.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/smp.h8
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/sched.h2
-rw-r--r--kernel/smp.c32
-rw-r--r--kernel/up.c2
12 files changed, 39 insertions, 33 deletions
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/smp.c b/arch/mips/kernel/smp.c
index 6bace76..c7cbddf 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/smp.c
@@ -648,12 +648,12 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(flush_tlb_one);
#ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS_BROADCAST
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic_t, tick_broadcast_count);
-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct call_single_data, tick_broadcast_csd);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(call_single_data_t, tick_broadcast_csd);
void tick_broadcast(const struct cpumask *mask)
{
atomic_t *count;
- struct call_single_data *csd;
+ call_single_data_t *csd;
int cpu;
for_each_cpu(cpu, mask) {
@@ -674,7 +674,7 @@ static void tick_broadcast_callee(void *info)
static int __init tick_broadcast_init(void)
{
- struct call_single_data *csd;
+ call_single_data_t *csd;
int cpu;
for (cpu = 0; cpu < NR_CPUS; cpu++) {
diff --git a/block/blk-softirq.c b/block/blk-softirq.c
index 87b7df4..07125e7 100644
--- a/block/blk-softirq.c
+++ b/block/blk-softirq.c
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ static void trigger_softirq(void *data)
static int raise_blk_irq(int cpu, struct request *rq)
{
if (cpu_online(cpu)) {
- struct call_single_data *data = &rq->csd;
+ call_single_data_t *data = &rq->csd;
data->func = trigger_softirq;
data->info = rq;
diff --git a/drivers/block/null_blk.c b/drivers/block/null_blk.c
index 85c24ca..81142ce 100644
--- a/drivers/block/null_blk.c
+++ b/drivers/block/null_blk.c
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@
struct nullb_cmd {
struct list_head list;
struct llist_node ll_list;
- struct call_single_data csd;
+ call_single_data_t csd;
struct request *rq;
struct bio *bio;
unsigned int tag;
diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/coupled.c b/drivers/cpuidle/coupled.c
index 71e586d..147f38e 100644
--- a/drivers/cpuidle/coupled.c
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/coupled.c
@@ -119,13 +119,13 @@ struct cpuidle_coupled {
#define CPUIDLE_COUPLED_NOT_IDLE (-1)
-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct call_single_data, cpuidle_coupled_poke_cb);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(call_single_data_t, cpuidle_coupled_poke_cb);
/*
* The cpuidle_coupled_poke_pending mask is used to avoid calling
- * __smp_call_function_single with the per cpu call_single_data struct already
+ * __smp_call_function_single with the per cpu call_single_data_t struct already
* in use. This prevents a deadlock where two cpus are waiting for each others
- * call_single_data struct to be available
+ * call_single_data_t struct to be available
*/
static cpumask_t cpuidle_coupled_poke_pending;
@@ -339,7 +339,7 @@ static void cpuidle_coupled_handle_poke(void *info)
*/
static void cpuidle_coupled_poke(int cpu)
{
- struct call_single_data *csd = &per_cpu(cpuidle_coupled_poke_cb, cpu);
+ call_single_data_t *csd = &per_cpu(cpuidle_coupled_poke_cb, cpu);
if (!cpumask_test_and_set_cpu(cpu, &cpuidle_coupled_poke_pending))
smp_call_function_single_async(cpu, csd);
@@ -651,7 +651,7 @@ int cpuidle_coupled_register_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev)
{
int cpu;
struct cpuidle_device *other_dev;
- struct call_single_data *csd;
+ call_single_data_t *csd;
struct cpuidle_coupled *coupled;
if (cpumask_empty(&dev->coupled_cpus))
diff --git a/drivers/net/ethernet/cavium/liquidio/lio_main.c b/drivers/net/ethernet/cavium/liquidio/lio_main.c
index 51583ae..120b6e537 100644
--- a/drivers/net/ethernet/cavium/liquidio/lio_main.c
+++ b/drivers/net/ethernet/cavium/liquidio/lio_main.c
@@ -2468,7 +2468,7 @@ static void liquidio_napi_drv_callback(void *arg)
if (OCTEON_CN23XX_PF(oct) || droq->cpu_id == this_cpu) {
napi_schedule_irqoff(&droq->napi);
} else {
- struct call_single_data *csd = &droq->csd;
+ call_single_data_t *csd = &droq->csd;
csd->func = napi_schedule_wrapper;
csd->info = &droq->napi;
diff --git a/drivers/net/ethernet/cavium/liquidio/octeon_droq.h b/drivers/net/ethernet/cavium/liquidio/octeon_droq.h
index 6efd139..f91bc84 100644
--- a/drivers/net/ethernet/cavium/liquidio/octeon_droq.h
+++ b/drivers/net/ethernet/cavium/liquidio/octeon_droq.h
@@ -328,7 +328,7 @@ struct octeon_droq {
u32 cpu_id;
- struct call_single_data csd;
+ call_single_data_t csd;
};
#define OCT_DROQ_SIZE (sizeof(struct octeon_droq))
diff --git a/include/linux/blkdev.h b/include/linux/blkdev.h
index 25f6a0c..006fa09 100644
--- a/include/linux/blkdev.h
+++ b/include/linux/blkdev.h
@@ -134,7 +134,7 @@ typedef __u32 __bitwise req_flags_t;
struct request {
struct list_head queuelist;
union {
- struct call_single_data csd;
+ call_single_data_t csd;
u64 fifo_time;
};
diff --git a/include/linux/netdevice.h b/include/linux/netdevice.h
index 779b235..6557f32 100644
--- a/include/linux/netdevice.h
+++ b/include/linux/netdevice.h
@@ -2774,7 +2774,7 @@ struct softnet_data {
unsigned int input_queue_head ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
/* Elements below can be accessed between CPUs for RPS/RFS */
- struct call_single_data csd ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
+ call_single_data_t csd ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
struct softnet_data *rps_ipi_next;
unsigned int cpu;
unsigned int input_queue_tail;
diff --git a/include/linux/smp.h b/include/linux/smp.h
index 68123c1..98b1fe0 100644
--- a/include/linux/smp.h
+++ b/include/linux/smp.h
@@ -14,13 +14,17 @@
#include <linux/llist.h>
typedef void (*smp_call_func_t)(void *info);
-struct call_single_data {
+struct __call_single_data {
struct llist_node llist;
smp_call_func_t func;
void *info;
unsigned int flags;
};
+/* Use __aligned() to avoid to use 2 cache lines for 1 csd */
+typedef struct __call_single_data call_single_data_t
+ __aligned(sizeof(struct __call_single_data));
+
/* total number of cpus in this system (may exceed NR_CPUS) */
extern unsigned int total_cpus;
@@ -48,7 +52,7 @@ void on_each_cpu_cond(bool (*cond_func)(int cpu, void *info),
smp_call_func_t func, void *info, bool wait,
gfp_t gfp_flags);
-int smp_call_function_single_async(int cpu, struct call_single_data *csd);
+int smp_call_function_single_async(int cpu, call_single_data_t *csd);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index eeef1a3..f29a7d2 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -769,7 +769,7 @@ struct rq {
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
int hrtick_csd_pending;
- struct call_single_data hrtick_csd;
+ call_single_data_t hrtick_csd;
#endif
struct hrtimer hrtick_timer;
#endif
diff --git a/kernel/smp.c b/kernel/smp.c
index 3061483..81cfca9 100644
--- a/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/kernel/smp.c
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ enum {
};
struct call_function_data {
- struct call_single_data __percpu *csd;
+ call_single_data_t __percpu *csd;
cpumask_var_t cpumask;
cpumask_var_t cpumask_ipi;
};
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@ int smpcfd_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
free_cpumask_var(cfd->cpumask);
return -ENOMEM;
}
- cfd->csd = alloc_percpu(struct call_single_data);
+ cfd->csd = alloc_percpu(call_single_data_t);
if (!cfd->csd) {
free_cpumask_var(cfd->cpumask);
free_cpumask_var(cfd->cpumask_ipi);
@@ -103,12 +103,12 @@ void __init call_function_init(void)
* previous function call. For multi-cpu calls its even more interesting
* as we'll have to ensure no other cpu is observing our csd.
*/
-static __always_inline void csd_lock_wait(struct call_single_data *csd)
+static __always_inline void csd_lock_wait(call_single_data_t *csd)
{
smp_cond_load_acquire(&csd->flags, !(VAL & CSD_FLAG_LOCK));
}
-static __always_inline void csd_lock(struct call_single_data *csd)
+static __always_inline void csd_lock(call_single_data_t *csd)
{
csd_lock_wait(csd);
csd->flags |= CSD_FLAG_LOCK;
@@ -116,12 +116,12 @@ static __always_inline void csd_lock(struct call_single_data *csd)
/*
* prevent CPU from reordering the above assignment
* to ->flags with any subsequent assignments to other
- * fields of the specified call_single_data structure:
+ * fields of the specified call_single_data_t structure:
*/
smp_wmb();
}
-static __always_inline void csd_unlock(struct call_single_data *csd)
+static __always_inline void csd_unlock(call_single_data_t *csd)
{
WARN_ON(!(csd->flags & CSD_FLAG_LOCK));
@@ -131,14 +131,14 @@ static __always_inline void csd_unlock(struct call_single_data *csd)
smp_store_release(&csd->flags, 0);
}
-static DEFINE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(struct call_single_data, csd_data);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(call_single_data_t, csd_data);
/*
- * Insert a previously allocated call_single_data element
+ * Insert a previously allocated call_single_data_t element
* for execution on the given CPU. data must already have
* ->func, ->info, and ->flags set.
*/
-static int generic_exec_single(int cpu, struct call_single_data *csd,
+static int generic_exec_single(int cpu, call_single_data_t *csd,
smp_call_func_t func, void *info)
{
if (cpu == smp_processor_id()) {
@@ -210,7 +210,7 @@ static void flush_smp_call_function_queue(bool warn_cpu_offline)
{
struct llist_head *head;
struct llist_node *entry;
- struct call_single_data *csd, *csd_next;
+ call_single_data_t *csd, *csd_next;
static bool warned;
WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled());
@@ -268,8 +268,10 @@ static void flush_smp_call_function_queue(bool warn_cpu_offline)
int smp_call_function_single(int cpu, smp_call_func_t func, void *info,
int wait)
{
- struct call_single_data *csd;
- struct call_single_data csd_stack = { .flags = CSD_FLAG_LOCK | CSD_FLAG_SYNCHRONOUS };
+ call_single_data_t *csd;
+ call_single_data_t csd_stack = {
+ .flags = CSD_FLAG_LOCK | CSD_FLAG_SYNCHRONOUS,
+ };
int this_cpu;
int err;
@@ -321,7 +323,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(smp_call_function_single);
* NOTE: Be careful, there is unfortunately no current debugging facility to
* validate the correctness of this serialization.
*/
-int smp_call_function_single_async(int cpu, struct call_single_data *csd)
+int smp_call_function_single_async(int cpu, call_single_data_t *csd)
{
int err = 0;
@@ -444,7 +446,7 @@ void smp_call_function_many(const struct cpumask *mask,
cpumask_clear(cfd->cpumask_ipi);
for_each_cpu(cpu, cfd->cpumask) {
- struct call_single_data *csd = per_cpu_ptr(cfd->csd, cpu);
+ call_single_data_t *csd = per_cpu_ptr(cfd->csd, cpu);
csd_lock(csd);
if (wait)
@@ -460,7 +462,7 @@ void smp_call_function_many(const struct cpumask *mask,
if (wait) {
for_each_cpu(cpu, cfd->cpumask) {
- struct call_single_data *csd;
+ call_single_data_t *csd;
csd = per_cpu_ptr(cfd->csd, cpu);
csd_lock_wait(csd);
diff --git a/kernel/up.c b/kernel/up.c
index ee81ac9..42c46bf 100644
--- a/kernel/up.c
+++ b/kernel/up.c
@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@ int smp_call_function_single(int cpu, void (*func) (void *info), void *info,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(smp_call_function_single);
-int smp_call_function_single_async(int cpu, struct call_single_data *csd)
+int smp_call_function_single_async(int cpu, call_single_data_t *csd)
{
unsigned long flags;