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authorTrent Piepho <tpiepho@kymetacorp.com>2016-08-09 18:38:16 +0000
committerSascha Hauer <s.hauer@pengutronix.de>2016-08-18 08:22:16 +0200
commit994fa02f5d7d815265b625f6114d19f156547b69 (patch)
treeaf8bb092cd9c1b0ffb91de07cbbeae8474609b35 /scripts/socfpga_mkimage.c
parent5679e3296f75de1d0dcac7d374d5169309c3f70a (diff)
downloadbarebox-994fa02f5d7d815265b625f6114d19f156547b69.tar.gz
socfpga: Add support for V1 images to socfpga_mkimage
Altera's SocFPGA Arria10 SoC uses a new image format, different from the one used on CycloneV. The formats are similar, with the header matching up to the point where the version field is 1 instead of 0. At that point the header fields diverge. The CRC and checksum use is the same between the two. This patch extends socfpga_mkimage to support generating the new format with a version command line option. The default will be V0 for CycloneV. The new format is, IMHO, not as good as the previous one. It requires the start location be after the header, while the V0 format would allow the start location to be before or after. Barebox boot images are designed to start from offset 0, which is before the header. To avoid modifying the common barebox start code specifically for Arria10, I instead add a trampoline instruction after the V1 header to jump to the real start location, wherever it might be. Signed-off-by: Trent Piepho <tpiepho@kymetacorp.com> Signed-off-by: Sascha Hauer <s.hauer@pengutronix.de>
Diffstat (limited to 'scripts/socfpga_mkimage.c')
-rw-r--r--scripts/socfpga_mkimage.c144
1 files changed, 110 insertions, 34 deletions
diff --git a/scripts/socfpga_mkimage.c b/scripts/socfpga_mkimage.c
index 4fbd5c7..d7fe1b1 100644
--- a/scripts/socfpga_mkimage.c
+++ b/scripts/socfpga_mkimage.c
@@ -14,7 +14,10 @@
#define BRANCH_INST 0xea /* ARM opcode for "b" (unconditional branch) */
-#define MAX_IMAGE_SIZE (60 * 1024 - 4)
+#define MAX_V0IMAGE_SIZE (60 * 1024 - 4)
+/* Max size without authentication is 224 KB, due to memory used by
+ * the ROM boot code as a workspace out of the 256 KB of OCRAM */
+#define MAX_V1IMAGE_SIZE (224 * 1024 - 4)
static int add_barebox_header;
@@ -22,10 +25,21 @@ struct socfpga_header {
uint8_t validation_word[4];
uint8_t version;
uint8_t flags;
- uint8_t program_length[2];
- uint8_t spare[2];
- uint8_t checksum[2];
- uint8_t start_vector[4];
+ union {
+ struct {
+ uint8_t program_length[2];
+ uint8_t spare[2];
+ uint8_t checksum[2];
+ uint8_t start_vector[4];
+ } v0;
+ struct {
+ uint8_t header_length[2];
+ uint8_t program_length[4];
+ uint8_t entry_offset[4];
+ uint8_t spare[2];
+ uint8_t checksum[2];
+ } v1;
+ };
};
static uint32_t bb_header[] = {
@@ -87,7 +101,7 @@ static int write_full(int fd, void *buf, size_t size)
return insize;
}
-static uint32_t crc_table[256] = {
+static const uint32_t crc_table[256] = {
0x00000000, 0x04c11db7, 0x09823b6e, 0x0d4326d9, 0x130476dc, 0x17c56b6b,
0x1a864db2, 0x1e475005, 0x2608edb8, 0x22c9f00f, 0x2f8ad6d6, 0x2b4bcb61,
0x350c9b64, 0x31cd86d3, 0x3c8ea00a, 0x384fbdbd, 0x4c11db70, 0x48d0c6c7,
@@ -143,47 +157,94 @@ uint32_t crc32(uint32_t crc, void *_buf, int length)
return crc;
}
+/* Create an ARM relative branch instuction
+ * branch is where the instruction will be placed and dest points to where
+ * it should branch too. */
+static void branch(uint8_t *branch, uint8_t *dest)
+{
+ int offset = dest - branch - 8; /* PC is offset +8 bytes on ARM */
+
+ branch[0] = (offset >> 2) & 0xff; /* instruction uses offset/4 */
+ branch[1] = (offset >> 10) & 0xff;
+ branch[2] = (offset >> 18) & 0xff;
+ branch[3] = BRANCH_INST;
+}
+
/* start_addr is where the socfpga header's start instruction should branch to.
* It should be relative to the start of buf */
-static int add_socfpga_header(void *buf, size_t size, unsigned start_addr)
+static int add_socfpga_header(void *buf, size_t size, unsigned start_addr, unsigned version)
{
struct socfpga_header *header = buf + 0x40;
- uint8_t *bufp;
+ void *entry;
+ uint8_t *bufp, *sumendp;
uint32_t *crc;
unsigned checksum;
- size_t length = size >> 2;
if (size & 0x3) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: size must be multiple of 4\n", __func__);
return -EINVAL;
}
- /* Calculate relative address of requested start_addr from the
- * start_vector's branch instuction PC (+8 bytes on arm). */
- start_addr = start_addr + (int)(buf - (void*)&header->start_vector[0]) - 8;
+ /* Absolute address of entry point in buf */
+ entry = buf + start_addr;
+ if (version == 0) {
+ sumendp = &header->v0.checksum[0];
+ } else {
+ sumendp = &header->v1.checksum[0];
+
+ /* The ROM loader can't handle a negative offset */
+ if (entry < (void*)header) {
+ /* add a trampoline branch inst after end of the header */
+ uint8_t *trampoline = (void*)(header + 1);
+ branch(trampoline, entry);
+
+ /* and then make the trampoline the entry point */
+ entry = trampoline;
+ }
+ /* Calculate start address as offset relative to start of header */
+ start_addr = entry - (void*)header;
+ }
header->validation_word[0] = VALIDATION_WORD & 0xff;
header->validation_word[1] = (VALIDATION_WORD >> 8) & 0xff;
header->validation_word[2] = (VALIDATION_WORD >> 16) & 0xff;
header->validation_word[3] = (VALIDATION_WORD >> 24) & 0xff;
- header->version = 0;
+ header->version = version;
header->flags = 0;
- header->program_length[0] = length & 0xff;
- header->program_length[1] = (length >> 8) & 0xff;
- header->spare[0] = 0;
- header->spare[1] = 0;
- header->start_vector[0] = (start_addr >> 2) & 0xff; /* instruction uses offset/4 */
- header->start_vector[1] = (start_addr >> 10) & 0xff;
- header->start_vector[2] = (start_addr >> 18) & 0xff;
- header->start_vector[3] = BRANCH_INST;
+
+ if (version == 0) {
+ header->v0.program_length[0] = (size >> 2) & 0xff; /* length in words */
+ header->v0.program_length[1] = (size >> 10) & 0xff;
+ header->v0.spare[0] = 0;
+ header->v0.spare[1] = 0;
+ branch(header->v0.start_vector, entry);
+ } else {
+ header->v1.header_length[0] = (sizeof(*header) >> 0) & 0xff;
+ header->v1.header_length[1] = (sizeof(*header) >> 8) & 0xff;
+ header->v1.program_length[0] = (size >> 0) & 0xff;
+ header->v1.program_length[1] = (size >> 8) & 0xff;
+ header->v1.program_length[2] = (size >> 16) & 0xff;
+ header->v1.program_length[3] = (size >> 24) & 0xff;
+ header->v1.entry_offset[0] = (start_addr >> 0) & 0xff;
+ header->v1.entry_offset[1] = (start_addr >> 8) & 0xff;
+ header->v1.entry_offset[2] = (start_addr >> 16) & 0xff;
+ header->v1.entry_offset[3] = (start_addr >> 24) & 0xff;
+ header->v1.spare[0] = 0;
+ header->v1.spare[1] = 0;
+ }
/* Sum from beginning of header to start of checksum field */
checksum = 0;
- for (bufp = (uint8_t*)header; bufp < &header->checksum[0]; bufp++)
+ for (bufp = (uint8_t*)header; bufp < sumendp; bufp++)
checksum += *bufp;
- header->checksum[0] = checksum & 0xff;;
- header->checksum[1] = (checksum >> 8) & 0xff;;
+ if (version == 0) {
+ header->v0.checksum[0] = checksum & 0xff;;
+ header->v0.checksum[1] = (checksum >> 8) & 0xff;;
+ } else {
+ header->v1.checksum[0] = checksum & 0xff;;
+ header->v1.checksum[1] = (checksum >> 8) & 0xff;;
+ }
crc = buf + size - sizeof(uint32_t);
@@ -195,7 +256,7 @@ static int add_socfpga_header(void *buf, size_t size, unsigned start_addr)
static void usage(const char *prgname)
{
- fprintf(stderr, "usage: %s [OPTIONS] <infile>\n", prgname);
+ fprintf(stderr, "usage: %s [-hb] [-v version] <infile> -o <outfile>\n", prgname);
}
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
@@ -205,16 +266,23 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
struct stat s;
void *buf;
int fd;
- int min_image_size = 80;
- int max_image_size = MAX_IMAGE_SIZE;
+ int max_image_size, min_image_size = 80;
int addsize = 0, pad;
+ unsigned int version = 0;
- while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "o:hb")) != -1) {
+ while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "o:hbv:")) != -1) {
switch (opt) {
+ case 'v':
+ version = atoi(optarg);
+ if (version > 1) {
+ printf("Versions supported: 0 or 1\n");
+ usage(argv[0]);
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ break;
case 'b':
add_barebox_header = 1;
min_image_size = 0;
- max_image_size = MAX_IMAGE_SIZE - 512;
addsize = 512;
break;
case 'h':
@@ -224,15 +292,21 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
outfile = optarg;
break;
default:
+ usage(argv[0]);
exit(1);
}
}
+ if (version == 0) {
+ max_image_size = MAX_V0IMAGE_SIZE;
+ } else {
+ max_image_size = MAX_V1IMAGE_SIZE;
+ }
+ max_image_size -= addsize;
- if (optind == argc) {
+ if (optind == argc || !outfile) {
usage(argv[0]);
exit(1);
}
-
infile = argv[optind];
ret = stat(infile, &s);
@@ -242,7 +316,8 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
}
if (s.st_size < min_image_size) {
- fprintf(stderr, "input image too small. Minimum is 80 bytes\n");
+ fprintf(stderr, "input image too small. Minimum is %d bytes\n",
+ min_image_size);
exit(1);
}
@@ -253,7 +328,7 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
}
fd = open(infile, O_RDONLY);
- if (fd < 0) {
+ if (fd == -1) {
perror("open infile");
exit(1);
}
@@ -280,7 +355,8 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
memcpy(buf, bb_header, sizeof(bb_header));
}
- ret = add_socfpga_header(buf, s.st_size + 4 + addsize + pad, addsize);
+ ret = add_socfpga_header(buf, s.st_size + 4 + addsize + pad, addsize,
+ version);
if (ret)
exit(1);